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J. Imaging 2018, 4(8), 98; https://doi.org/10.3390/jimaging4080098

Evaluating the Performance of Structure from Motion Pipelines

DISCo—Department of Informatics, Systems, and Communication, University of Milano-Bicocca, viale Sarca 336, 20126 Milano, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Received: 26 June 2018 / Revised: 18 July 2018 / Accepted: 27 July 2018 / Published: 1 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Image Enhancement, Modeling and Visualization)
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Abstract

Structure from Motion (SfM) is a pipeline that allows three-dimensional reconstruction starting from a collection of images. A typical SfM pipeline comprises different processing steps each of which tackles a different problem in the reconstruction pipeline. Each step can exploit different algorithms to solve the problem at hand and thus many different SfM pipelines can be built. How to choose the SfM pipeline best suited for a given task is an important question. In this paper we report a comparison of different state-of-the-art SfM pipelines in terms of their ability to reconstruct different scenes. We also propose an evaluation procedure that stresses the SfM pipelines using real dataset acquired with high-end devices as well as realistic synthetic dataset. To this end, we created a plug-in module for the Blender software to support the creation of synthetic datasets and the evaluation of the SfM pipeline. The use of synthetic data allows us to easily have arbitrarily large and diverse datasets with, in theory, infinitely precise ground truth. Our evaluation procedure considers both the reconstruction errors as well as the estimation errors of the camera poses used in the reconstruction. View Full-Text
Keywords: Structure from Motion (SfM); 3D reconstruction; Blender; evaluation Structure from Motion (SfM); 3D reconstruction; Blender; evaluation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Bianco, S.; Ciocca, G.; Marelli, D. Evaluating the Performance of Structure from Motion Pipelines. J. Imaging 2018, 4, 98.

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