Characterization of Crystallographic Structures Using Bragg-Edge Neutron Imaging at the Spallation Neutron Source†
AbstractOver the past decade, wavelength-dependent neutron radiography, also known as Bragg-edge imaging, has been employed as a non-destructive bulk characterization method due to its sensitivity to coherent elastic neutron scattering that is associated with crystalline structures. Several analysis approaches have been developed to quantitatively determine crystalline orientation, lattice strain, and phase distribution. In this study, we report a systematic investigation of the crystal structures of metallic materials (such as selected textureless powder samples and additively manufactured (AM) Inconel 718 samples), using Bragg-edge imaging at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS). Firstly, we have implemented a phenomenological Gaussian-based fitting in a Python-based computer called iBeatles. Secondly, we have developed a model-based approach to analyze Bragg-edge transmission spectra, which allows quantitative determination of the crystallographic attributes. Moreover, neutron diffraction measurements were carried out to validate the Bragg-edge analytical methods. These results demonstrate that the microstructural complexity (in this case, texture) plays a key role in determining the crystallographic parameters (lattice constant or interplanar spacing), which implies that the Bragg-edge image analysis methods must be carefully selected based on the material structures. View Full-Text
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Song, G.; Lin, J.Y.Y.; Bilheux, J.C.; Xie, Q.; Santodonato, L.J.; Molaison, J.J.; Skorpenske, H.D.; M. Dos Santos, A.; Tulk, C.A.; An, K.; Stoica, A.D.; Kirka, M.M.; Dehoff, R.R.; Tremsin, A.S.; Bunn, J.; Sochalski-Kolbus, L.M.; Bilheux, H.Z. Characterization of Crystallographic Structures Using Bragg-Edge Neutron Imaging at the Spallation Neutron Source. J. Imaging 2017, 3, 65.
Song G, Lin JYY, Bilheux JC, Xie Q, Santodonato LJ, Molaison JJ, Skorpenske HD, M. Dos Santos A, Tulk CA, An K, Stoica AD, Kirka MM, Dehoff RR, Tremsin AS, Bunn J, Sochalski-Kolbus LM, Bilheux HZ. Characterization of Crystallographic Structures Using Bragg-Edge Neutron Imaging at the Spallation Neutron Source. Journal of Imaging. 2017; 3(4):65.Chicago/Turabian Style
Song, Gian; Lin, Jiao Y.Y.; Bilheux, Jean C.; Xie, Qingge; Santodonato, Louis J.; Molaison, Jamie J.; Skorpenske, Harley D.; M. Dos Santos, Antonio; Tulk, Chris A.; An, Ke; Stoica, Alexandru D.; Kirka, Michael M.; Dehoff, Ryan R.; Tremsin, Anton S.; Bunn, Jeffrey; Sochalski-Kolbus, Lindsay M.; Bilheux, Hassina Z. 2017. "Characterization of Crystallographic Structures Using Bragg-Edge Neutron Imaging at the Spallation Neutron Source." J. Imaging 3, no. 4: 65.