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Recycling 2018, 3(3), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling3030045

Sustainability Assessment of Waste Management System for Mexico City (Mexico)—Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process

1
School of Computing Science, Business Administration, Economics, and Law (Faculty II), Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, 26129 Oldenburg, Germany
2
Department of Energy, Area of sustainable technologies, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana UAM—Azcapotzalco, 02200 Mexico City, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 July 2018 / Revised: 7 September 2018 / Accepted: 7 September 2018 / Published: 12 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Waste Management Practices in Developing Countries)
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Abstract

Mexico City introduced the new legal waste norm Norma NADF-024-AMBT-2013 in July 2017. This report compares the proposed system with three alternatives: a baseline scenario with composting of organics, a scenario which involves anaerobic digestion of organics, and a mechanical–biological treatment scenario with no source separation. The comparison was done using an Analytic Hierarchy Process. Eleven different indicators were chosen for the evaluation: general waste performance indicators (landfill disposal and recycling rates), environmental indicators (greenhouse gas emissions, acid gas emissions, Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), and mercury content in water and soil), economic indicators (investment and operation costs) ($ per Mg municipal solid waste (MSW)), and social indicators (jobs created and social acceptance). The scenario ranking based on pairwise comparison made by 5 experts from Mexico City showed that the most sustainable scenario, environmentally, socially, and economically, is that which corresponds to Norma NADF-024-AMBT-2013 with a ranking priority of 30.78%. View Full-Text
Keywords: AHP; waste management; sustainability assessment; scenario ranking AHP; waste management; sustainability assessment; scenario ranking
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Tsydenova, N.; Vázquez Morillas, A.; Cruz Salas, A.A. Sustainability Assessment of Waste Management System for Mexico City (Mexico)—Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process. Recycling 2018, 3, 45.

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