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Batteries 2018, 4(1), 7; doi:10.3390/batteries4010007

Current Advances in TiO2-Based Nanostructure Electrodes for High Performance Lithium Ion Batteries

1
Leibniz-Institute for Solid State and Materials Research (IFW) Dresden e.V., Institute for Complex Materials, Helmholtzstr. 20, D-01069 Dresden, Germany
2
Physical Chemistry Department, National Research Centre, 33 El-Buhouth St., Dokki EG-12622, Giza, Egypt
3
Physical Chemistry Department, Technische Universität Dresden, Bergstr. 66b, D-01069 Dresden, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 November 2017 / Revised: 17 January 2018 / Accepted: 20 January 2018 / Published: 6 February 2018
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Abstract

The lithium ion battery (LIB) has proven to be a very reliably used system to store electrical energy, for either mobile or stationary applications. Among others, TiO2-based anodes are the most attractive candidates for building safe and durable lithium ion batteries with high energy density. A variety of TiO2 nanostructures has been thoroughly investigated as anodes in LIBs, e.g., nanoparticles, nanorods, nanoneedles, nanowires, and nanotubes discussed either in their pure form or in composites. In this review, we present the recent developments and breakthroughs demonstrated to synthesize safe, high power, and low cost nanostructured titania-based anodes. The reader is provided with an in-depth review of well-oriented TiO2-based nanotubes fabricated by anodic oxidation. Other strategies for modification of TiO2-based anodes with other elements or materials are also highlighted in this report. View Full-Text
Keywords: battery; anode; titania; anodic oxidation; composite materials; carbon; performance effect; mixed oxides battery; anode; titania; anodic oxidation; composite materials; carbon; performance effect; mixed oxides
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Madian, M.; Eychmüller, A.; Giebeler, L. Current Advances in TiO2-Based Nanostructure Electrodes for High Performance Lithium Ion Batteries. Batteries 2018, 4, 7.

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