A Numerical Study on Curvilinear Free Surface Flows in Venturi Flumes
AbstractVenturi flumes are one of the most important flow-measuring structures commonly investigated by physical model tests in the past. The solutions to the Venturi flume flow problems were generally found on the basis of empirical equations arising from such tests. Nonetheless, the overall accuracy and range of applicability of these equations rely on the scope of the tests. Additionally, the hydraulic characteristics of free flows in short-throated flumes cannot be modelled by the conventional hydrostatic pressure approaches. In this study, a one-dimensional model, which incorporates a higher-order dynamic pressure correction for the effects of the sidewalls and streamline vertical curvatures, is applied to simulate such flows and elucidate relevant flow features. The model equations are discretised and solved using the finite difference scheme. The computed results for free surface profiles, pressure distributions at different sections and discharge characteristics are compared to measured data. The computational results exhibit good agreement with measured data. Overall, it is shown that the developed model is capable of accurately simulating the curvilinear flows in short-throated flumes with rounded transition and bottom humps. The results also highlight the detailed dependence of the discharge characteristics of the critical-flow flumes under free flow conditions on the curvature of the streamlines. View Full-Text
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Zerihun, Y.T. A Numerical Study on Curvilinear Free Surface Flows in Venturi Flumes. Fluids 2016, 1, 21.
Zerihun YT. A Numerical Study on Curvilinear Free Surface Flows in Venturi Flumes. Fluids. 2016; 1(3):21.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zerihun, Yebegaeshet T. 2016. "A Numerical Study on Curvilinear Free Surface Flows in Venturi Flumes." Fluids 1, no. 3: 21.