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Fluids 2016, 1(3), 21; doi:10.3390/fluids1030021

A Numerical Study on Curvilinear Free Surface Flows in Venturi Flumes

David & James–Engineering and Environmental Consultancy, 204 Albion Road, Victoria 3350, Australia
Academic Editor: Asterios Pantokratoras
Received: 21 March 2016 / Revised: 21 June 2016 / Accepted: 21 June 2016 / Published: 29 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Computational Fluid Dynamics)
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Abstract

Venturi flumes are one of the most important flow-measuring structures commonly investigated by physical model tests in the past. The solutions to the Venturi flume flow problems were generally found on the basis of empirical equations arising from such tests. Nonetheless, the overall accuracy and range of applicability of these equations rely on the scope of the tests. Additionally, the hydraulic characteristics of free flows in short-throated flumes cannot be modelled by the conventional hydrostatic pressure approaches. In this study, a one-dimensional model, which incorporates a higher-order dynamic pressure correction for the effects of the sidewalls and streamline vertical curvatures, is applied to simulate such flows and elucidate relevant flow features. The model equations are discretised and solved using the finite difference scheme. The computed results for free surface profiles, pressure distributions at different sections and discharge characteristics are compared to measured data. The computational results exhibit good agreement with measured data. Overall, it is shown that the developed model is capable of accurately simulating the curvilinear flows in short-throated flumes with rounded transition and bottom humps. The results also highlight the detailed dependence of the discharge characteristics of the critical-flow flumes under free flow conditions on the curvature of the streamlines. View Full-Text
Keywords: Venturi flume; numerical modelling; flow-measuring structures; non-hydrostatic pressure; rapidly-varied flow; open channel hydrodynamics Venturi flume; numerical modelling; flow-measuring structures; non-hydrostatic pressure; rapidly-varied flow; open channel hydrodynamics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zerihun, Y.T. A Numerical Study on Curvilinear Free Surface Flows in Venturi Flumes. Fluids 2016, 1, 21.

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