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J. Fungi 2016, 2(1), 9; doi:10.3390/jof2010009

Genome Studies on Nematophagous and Entomogenous Fungi in China

State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 3 Park 1, Beichen West Rd., Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luis V. Lopez-Llorca
Received: 9 December 2015 / Revised: 24 January 2016 / Accepted: 29 January 2016 / Published: 5 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fungal '-Omics': Is the Best Yet to Come?)
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Abstract

The nematophagous and entomogenous fungi are natural enemies of nematodes and insects and have been utilized by humans to control agricultural and forestry pests. Some of these fungi have been or are being developed as biological control agents in China and worldwide. Several important nematophagous and entomogenous fungi, including nematode-trapping fungi (Arthrobotrys oligospora and Drechslerella stenobrocha), nematode endoparasite (Hirsutella minnesotensis), insect pathogens (Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium spp.) and Chinese medicinal fungi (Ophiocordyceps sinensis and Cordyceps militaris), have been genome sequenced and extensively analyzed in China. The biology, evolution, and pharmaceutical application of these fungi and their interacting with host nematodes and insects revealed by genomes, comparing genomes coupled with transcriptomes are summarized and reviewed in this paper.
Keywords: fungal genome; biological control; nematophagous; entomogenous fungal genome; biological control; nematophagous; entomogenous
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, W.; Cheng, X.; Liu, X.; Xiang, M. Genome Studies on Nematophagous and Entomogenous Fungi in China. J. Fungi 2016, 2, 9.

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