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Open AccessCase Report
J. Fungi 2015, 1(1), 4-12; doi:10.3390/jof1010004

Cutaneous Protothecosis in a Patient with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: A Case Report and Literature Review

Department of Dermatology, Baylor College of Medicine, 1977 Butler Blvd, Suite E6.200, Houston, TX 77030, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David S. Perlin
Received: 17 November 2014 / Accepted: 31 December 2014 / Published: 14 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cutaneous Fungal Diseases)
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Abstract

Protothecosis is a rare infection, which has the potential to cause severe disease in patients with underlying immunosuppression. We describe a case of an elderly female with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), as well as other risk factors, who presented with pustular and erythematous plaques, initially presumed to be leukemia cutis. A biopsy with special stains revealed the lesions to be cutaneous protothecosis, thus presenting a most unusual concurrence of disease entities. The literature to date on this rare infection will be reviewed. View Full-Text
Keywords: protothecosis; Prototheca wickerhamii; achlorophyllic algae protothecosis; Prototheca wickerhamii; achlorophyllic algae
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nguyen, Q.-G.L.; Rosen, T. Cutaneous Protothecosis in a Patient with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: A Case Report and Literature Review. J. Fungi 2015, 1, 4-12.

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