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Geriatrics 2016, 1(3), 18; doi:10.3390/geriatrics1030018

Effects of a 12-Week Municipal Dementia Prevention Program on Cognitive/Motor Functions among the Community-Dwelling Elderly

1
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Gunma University, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, Maebashi-shi, Gunma 371-8514, Japan
2
Isesaki City Office, 2-410 Imaizumi-cho, Isesaki, Gunma 372-8501, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joaquim Cerejeira
Received: 24 April 2016 / Revised: 12 July 2016 / Accepted: 13 July 2016 / Published: 18 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medical Disorders and Cognition in the Elderly)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [190 KB, uploaded 18 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

In a rapidly aging society, like that in Japan, it is imperative to establish strategies to prevent dementia. We investigated the effects of a dementia prevention program, conducted as part of a municipality’s long-term care prevention project, on cognitive/motor functions among the community-dwelling elderly. Participants underwent a physical activity program involving muscle training and aerobic exercise, once a week, for 12 weeks. Cognitive and motor tests were performed twice, before and after the intervention. Thirty participants, aged 75.7 ± 6.7 years, were included in the analysis. Scores from the immediate word memory task were significantly increased (23.0 ± 7.8 vs. 25.7 ± 6.5) after the program. Scores from the Yamaguchi Kanji Symbol Substitution Test were also significantly increased (36.2 ± 13.1 vs. 40.1 ± 14.1). Time spent during the 5 m maximum walking speed test was significantly shorter after the program (3.4 ± 0.8 vs. 3.0 ± 0.7 s), whereas the daily walking distance increased significantly (1.9 ± 1.5 vs. 3.1 ± 2.2 km). Participants showed improvement in some aspects of their cognitive/motor function and walking distance per day. Therefore, this program can be regarded as a practical community-based healthcare activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: prevention of dementia; community-dwelling elderly; physical activity prevention of dementia; community-dwelling elderly; physical activity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kamegaya, T.; Yamaguchi, H.; Long-Term-Care Prevention Team of Isesaki City Community General Support Center. Effects of a 12-Week Municipal Dementia Prevention Program on Cognitive/Motor Functions among the Community-Dwelling Elderly. Geriatrics 2016, 1, 18.

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