Preliminary Investigation on the Association between Depressive Symptoms and Driving Performance in Heart Failure
AbstractHeart failure (HF) patients commit many errors on driving simulation tasks and cognitive dysfunction appears to be one important contributor to impaired driving in HF. Clinical modifiers of cognition may also play a key role. In particular, depression is common in HF patients, linked with cognitive dysfunction, and contributes to reduced driving fitness in non-HF samples. However, the associations among depressive symptoms, cognition, and driving in HF are unclear. Eighteen HF patients completed a validated simulated driving scenario, the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), and a cognitive test battery. Partial correlations controlling for demographic and medical confounds showed higher BDI-II score correlated with greater number of collisions, centerline crossings, and % time out of lane. Increased depressive symptoms correlated with lower attention/executive function, and reduced performance in this domain was associated with a greater number of collisions, centerline crossing, and % time out of lane. Depressive symptoms may be related to poorer driving performance in HF, perhaps through association with cognitive dysfunction. However, larger studies with on-road testing are needed to replicate our preliminary findings before recommendations for clinical practice can be made. View Full-Text
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Alosco, M.L.; Penn, M.S.; Spitznagel, M.B.; Cleveland, M.J.; Ott, B.R.; Gunstad, J. Preliminary Investigation on the Association between Depressive Symptoms and Driving Performance in Heart Failure. Geriatrics 2016, 1, 2.
Alosco ML, Penn MS, Spitznagel MB, Cleveland MJ, Ott BR, Gunstad J. Preliminary Investigation on the Association between Depressive Symptoms and Driving Performance in Heart Failure. Geriatrics. 2016; 1(1):2.Chicago/Turabian Style
Alosco, Michael L.; Penn, Marc S.; Spitznagel, Mary B.; Cleveland, Mary J.; Ott, Brian R.; Gunstad, John. 2016. "Preliminary Investigation on the Association between Depressive Symptoms and Driving Performance in Heart Failure." Geriatrics 1, no. 1: 2.