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Bioengineering 2016, 3(2), 12; doi:10.3390/bioengineering3020012

Stable Gene Regulatory Network Modeling From Steady-State Data

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, North Carolina A&T State University, 1601 E. Market Street, Greensboro, NC 27411, USA
2
Department of Biology, North Carolina A&T State University, 1601 E. Market Street, Greensboro, NC 27411, USA
3
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Texas A&M University, 5045 ETB, College Station, TX 77843, USA
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in 41st Annual Northeast Biomedical Engineering Conference (NEBEC).
Current affiliation: School of Information, The University of Arizona, 1103 E. 2nd St, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Aldo R. Boccaccini
Received: 19 November 2015 / Revised: 9 March 2016 / Accepted: 6 April 2016 / Published: 19 April 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [978 KB, uploaded 19 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

Gene regulatory networks represent an abstract mapping of gene regulations in living cells. They aim to capture dependencies among molecular entities such as transcription factors, proteins and metabolites. In most applications, the regulatory network structure is unknown, and has to be reverse engineered from experimental data consisting of expression levels of the genes usually measured as messenger RNA concentrations in microarray experiments. Steady-state gene expression data are obtained from measurements of the variations in expression activity following the application of small perturbations to equilibrium states in genetic perturbation experiments. In this paper, the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator-vector autoregressive (LASSO-VAR) originally proposed for the analysis of economic time series data is adapted to include a stability constraint for the recovery of a sparse and stable regulatory network that describes data obtained from noisy perturbation experiments. The approach is applied to real experimental data obtained for the SOS pathway in Escherichia coli and the cell cycle pathway for yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Significant features of this method are the ability to recover networks without inputting prior knowledge of the network topology, and the ability to be efficiently applied to large scale networks due to the convex nature of the method. View Full-Text
Keywords: gene regulatory network; reverse engineering; sparse network; stable network; convexity gene regulatory network; reverse engineering; sparse network; stable network; convexity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Larvie, J.E.; Sefidmazgi, M.G.; Homaifar, A.; Harrison, S.H.; Karimoddini, A.; Guiseppi-Elie, A. Stable Gene Regulatory Network Modeling From Steady-State Data. Bioengineering 2016, 3, 12.

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