DNA and RNA Extraction and Quantitative Real-Time PCR-Based Assays for Biogas Biocenoses in an Interlaboratory Comparison
AbstractFive institutional partners participated in an interlaboratory comparison of nucleic acid extraction, RNA preservation and quantitative Real-Time PCR (qPCR) based assays for biogas biocenoses derived from different grass silage digesting laboratory and pilot scale fermenters. A kit format DNA extraction system based on physical and chemical lysis with excellent extraction efficiency yielded highly reproducible results among the partners and clearly outperformed a traditional CTAB/chloroform/isoamylalcohol based method. Analytical purpose, sample texture, consistency and upstream pretreatment steps determine the modifications that should be applied to achieve maximum efficiency in the trade-off between extract purity and nucleic acid recovery rate. RNA extraction was much more variable, and the destination of the extract determines the method to be used. RNA stabilization with quaternary ammonium salts was an as satisfactory approach as flash freezing in liquid N2. Due to co-eluted impurities, spectrophotometry proved to be of limited value for nucleic acid qualification and quantification in extracts obtained with the kit, and picoGreen® based quantification was more trustworthy. Absorbance at 230 nm can be extremely high in the presence of certain chaotropic guanidine salts, but guanidinium isothiocyanate does not affect (q)PCR. Absolute quantification by qPCR requires application of a reliable internal standard for which correct PCR efficiency and Y-intercept values are important and must be reported. View Full-Text
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Lebuhn, M.; Derenkó, J.; Rademacher, A.; Helbig, S.; Munk, B.; Pechtl, A.; Stolze, Y.; Prowe, S.; Schwarz, W.H.; Schlüter, A.; Liebl, W.; Klocke, M. DNA and RNA Extraction and Quantitative Real-Time PCR-Based Assays for Biogas Biocenoses in an Interlaboratory Comparison. Bioengineering 2016, 3, 7.
Lebuhn M, Derenkó J, Rademacher A, Helbig S, Munk B, Pechtl A, Stolze Y, Prowe S, Schwarz WH, Schlüter A, Liebl W, Klocke M. DNA and RNA Extraction and Quantitative Real-Time PCR-Based Assays for Biogas Biocenoses in an Interlaboratory Comparison. Bioengineering. 2016; 3(1):7.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lebuhn, Michael; Derenkó, Jaqueline; Rademacher, Antje; Helbig, Susanne; Munk, Bernhard; Pechtl, Alexander; Stolze, Yvonne; Prowe, Steffen; Schwarz, Wolfgang H.; Schlüter, Andreas; Liebl, Wolfgang; Klocke, Michael. 2016. "DNA and RNA Extraction and Quantitative Real-Time PCR-Based Assays for Biogas Biocenoses in an Interlaboratory Comparison." Bioengineering 3, no. 1: 7.
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