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Hydrology 2016, 3(2), 20; doi:10.3390/hydrology3020020

An Institutional Analysis of Groundwater Quality Control: Experiences in Hadano, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

College of Sustainable System Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka Prefecture 599-8531, Japan
Academic Editor: Tamim Younos
Received: 29 December 2015 / Revised: 29 April 2016 / Accepted: 4 May 2016 / Published: 18 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Intersection of Society and Watershed Science)
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Abstract

A considerable number of studies have been made of institutional arrangements that can prevent excessive groundwater pumping based on Hardin’s seminal work, the “tragedy of the commons.” In contrast, this paper is concerned with groundwater quality control for which policy studies are very limited. This paper not only clarifies institutional challenges specific to groundwater contamination, but also demonstrates how government and industry could solve them using a case study of Hadano, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, which has pioneered countermeasures for groundwater pollution in Japan. Hadano solved the challenges by enacting an innovative local ordinance with three pillars: Proxy purification by the city government, fundraising for purification activities and a retroactive system. Lessons learnt from the Hadano case will be very useful to policy makers because these problems already occur in other urban areas, or are likely to occur in the near future. View Full-Text
Keywords: common-pool resources; commons; groundwater; groundwater quality; contamination; retroaction; proxy execution; the polluter-pays principle; Japan common-pool resources; commons; groundwater; groundwater quality; contamination; retroaction; proxy execution; the polluter-pays principle; Japan
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Endo, T. An Institutional Analysis of Groundwater Quality Control: Experiences in Hadano, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Hydrology 2016, 3, 20.

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