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Medicines 2018, 5(3), 95; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines5030095

Acupuncture and Lifestyle Myopia in Primary School Children—Results from a Transcontinental Pilot Study Performed in Comparison to Moxibustion

1
Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China
2
TCM Research Center Graz, Research Unit of Biomedical Engineering in Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, and Research Unit for Complementary and Integrative Laser Medicine, Medical University of Graz, 8036 Graz, Austria
3
Department of Anesthesiology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China
4
Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Dongfang Hospital Affiliated to Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100078, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 August 2018 / Revised: 29 August 2018 / Accepted: 30 August 2018 / Published: 31 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Acupuncture – Basic Research and Clinical Application)
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Abstract

Background: Lifestyle risks for myopia are well known and the disease has become a major global public health issue worldwide. There is a relation between reading, writing, and computer work and the development of myopia. Methods: Within this prospective pilot study in 44 patients aged between 6 and 12 years with myopia we compared possible treatment effects of acupuncture or moxibustion. The diopters of the right and left eye were evaluated before and after the two treatment methods. Results: Myopia was improved in 14 eyes of 13 patients (15.9%) within both complementary methods. Using acupuncture an improvement was observed in seven eyes from six patients out of 22 patients and a similar result (improvement in seven eyes from seven patients out of 22 patients) was noticed in the moxibustion group. The extent of improvement was better in the acupuncture group (p = 0.008 s., comparison before and after treatment); however, group analysis between acupuncture and moxibustion revealed no significant difference. Conclusions: Possible therapeutic aspects with the help of evidence-based complementary methods like acupuncture or moxibustion have not yet been investigated adequately in myopic patients. Our study showed that both acupuncture and moxibustion can improve myopia of young patients. Acupuncture seems to be more effective than moxibustion in treating myopia, however group analysis did not prove this trend. Therefore, further Big data studies are necessary to confirm or refute the preliminary results. View Full-Text
Keywords: acupuncture; moxibustion; evidence-based complementary medicine; myopia; primary school children; lifestyle; computer; eye diseases acupuncture; moxibustion; evidence-based complementary medicine; myopia; primary school children; lifestyle; computer; eye diseases
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Shang, X.; Chen, L.; Litscher, G.; Sun, Y.; Pan, C.; Liu, C.-Z.; Litscher, D.; Wang, L. Acupuncture and Lifestyle Myopia in Primary School Children—Results from a Transcontinental Pilot Study Performed in Comparison to Moxibustion. Medicines 2018, 5, 95.

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