Mesenchymal Stromal Cells for Antineoplastic Drug Loading and Delivery
AbstractMesenchymal stromal cells are a population of undifferentiated multipotent adult cells possessing extensive self-renewal properties and the potential to differentiate into a variety of mesenchymal lineage cells. They express broad anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activity on the immune system and after transplantation can interact with the surrounding microenvironment, promoting tissue healing and regeneration. For this reason, mesenchymal stromal cells have been widely used in regenerative medicine, both in preclinical and clinical settings. Another clinical application of mesenchymal stromal cells is the targeted delivery of chemotherapeutic agents to neoplastic cells, maximizing the cytotoxic activity against cancer cells and minimizing collateral damage to non-neoplastic tissues. Mesenchymal stem cells are home to the stroma of several primary and metastatic neoplasms and hence can be used as vectors for targeted delivery of antineoplastic drugs to the tumour microenvironment, thereby reducing systemic toxicity and maximizing antitumour effects. Paclitaxel and gemcitabine are the chemotherapeutic drugs best loaded by mesenchymal stromal cells and delivered to neoplastic cells, whereas other agents, like pemetrexed, are not internalized by mesenchymal stromal cells and therefore are not suitable for advanced antineoplastic therapy. This review focuses on the state of the art of advanced antineoplastic cell therapy and its future perspectives, emphasizing in vitro and in vivo preclinical results and future clinical applications. View Full-Text
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Petrella, F.; Rimoldi, I.; Rizzo, S.; Spaggiari, L. Mesenchymal Stromal Cells for Antineoplastic Drug Loading and Delivery. Medicines 2017, 4, 87.
Petrella F, Rimoldi I, Rizzo S, Spaggiari L. Mesenchymal Stromal Cells for Antineoplastic Drug Loading and Delivery. Medicines. 2017; 4(4):87.Chicago/Turabian Style
Petrella, Francesco; Rimoldi, Isabella; Rizzo, Stefania; Spaggiari, Lorenzo. 2017. "Mesenchymal Stromal Cells for Antineoplastic Drug Loading and Delivery." Medicines 4, no. 4: 87.