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Children 2017, 4(10), 90; https://doi.org/10.3390/children4100090

Sleep Disturbances in Newborns

Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
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Received: 28 August 2017 / Revised: 10 October 2017 / Accepted: 17 October 2017 / Published: 20 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sleep Medicine in Children and Adolescents)
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Abstract

The purpose of this review is to serve as an introduction to understanding sleep in the fetus, the preterm neonate and the term neonate. Sleep appears to have numerous important roles, particularly in the consolidation of new information. The sleep cycle changes over time, neonates spend the most time in active sleep and have a progressive shortening of active sleep and lengthening of quiet sleep. Additionally, the sleep cycle is disrupted by many things including disease state and environment, and the amplitude integrated EEG can be a useful tool in evaluating sleep, and sleep disturbances, in neonates. Finally, there are protective factors for infant sleep that are still being studied. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep; sleep disturbances; premature neonate; sleep wake cycling; sleep states; sleep disorder; apnea; aEEG sleep; sleep disturbances; premature neonate; sleep wake cycling; sleep states; sleep disorder; apnea; aEEG
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Barbeau, D.Y.; Weiss, M.D. Sleep Disturbances in Newborns. Children 2017, 4, 90.

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