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Children 2015, 2(3), 305-316; doi:10.3390/children2030305

Parental Perception, Prevalence and Primary Care Physicians’ Knowledge on Childhood Food Allergy in Croatia

1
General Pediatric Office, Dom Zdravlja Zagreb-Centar, Runjaninova 4, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
General Pediatric Office, Borisa Papandopula 26, 43000 Bjelovar, Croatia
3
General Pediatric Office, Ante Starcevica 12, 12350 Metkovic, Croatia
4
University of Zagreb School of Medicine, Salata 4, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jonathan M. Spergel
Received: 31 May 2015 / Revised: 8 July 2015 / Accepted: 9 July 2015 / Published: 17 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Pediatric Food Allergy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [336 KB, uploaded 17 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

Food allergy in children is increasing and the perception of food allergy among parents is even more common. In a questionnaire-based study of 702 children aged 6 to 48 months in four primary care settings, the aim was to determine the prevalence of perception vs. proven food allergy, parental anxiety and general pediatrician knowledge of food allergy. In 95/702 children (13.5%) parentally-reported food was associated reactions. IgE and/or skin prick test (SPT) and/or an open provocation test were performed in 48 (6.8%) and allergy was proven in 38 (5.4%) children. Discrepancy between parental perception and proven allergy is significant (p < 0.001), especially for food other than milk, egg and peanut (p < 0.001). Allergy to milk was the most common. Allergy to peanut was significantly more common in children ≥2 years (p < 0.05). Severe reactions occurred in 5/95 (5.2%) of all children and in 5/38 (13.1%) of allergic children, in 3/5 caused by peanut. Parents of children with proven allergy do not experience high degree of anxiety. The perception of food allergy among general pediatricians is limited, and in children with severe reactions precautionary measures and information to parents were insufficient. Parents and general pediatricians need additional education in food allergy. View Full-Text
Keywords: food allergy; children; parental perception; education on food allergy food allergy; children; parental perception; education on food allergy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Baricic, T.V.; Catipovic, M.; Cetinic, E.L.; Krmek, V.; Horvat, I. Parental Perception, Prevalence and Primary Care Physicians’ Knowledge on Childhood Food Allergy in Croatia. Children 2015, 2, 305-316.

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