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Children 2014, 1(3), 461-473; doi:10.3390/children1030461

Impacts of Climate Change on Inequities in Child Health

1
National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Acton ACT 0200, Australia
2
Regulatory Institutions Network, Australian National University, Acton ACT 0200, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 June 2014 / Revised: 20 October 2014 / Accepted: 7 November 2014 / Published: 3 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Climate Change on Child Health)
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Abstract

This paper addresses an often overlooked aspect of climate change impacts on child health: the amplification of existing child health inequities by climate change. Although the effects of climate change on child health will likely be negative, the distribution of these impacts across populations will be uneven. The burden of climate change-related ill-health will fall heavily on the world’s poorest and socially-disadvantaged children, who already have poor survival rates and low life expectancies due to issues including poverty, endemic disease, undernutrition, inadequate living conditions and socio-economic disadvantage. Climate change will exacerbate these existing inequities to disproportionately affect disadvantaged children. We discuss heat stress, extreme weather events, vector-borne diseases and undernutrition as exemplars of the complex interactions between climate change and inequities in child health. View Full-Text
Keywords: child health; health inequity; climate change; social determinants; vulnerability; under-nutrition; poverty; vector-borne disease; heat stress; extreme weather events child health; health inequity; climate change; social determinants; vulnerability; under-nutrition; poverty; vector-borne disease; heat stress; extreme weather events
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Bennett, C.M.; Friel, S. Impacts of Climate Change on Inequities in Child Health. Children 2014, 1, 461-473.

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