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Healthcare 2018, 6(2), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare6020061

Use of Real Patients and Patient-Simulation-Based Methodologies for Teaching Gastroenterology to Pre-Clinical Medical Students

1
Department of Medicine, Gastroenterology/Liver Diseases Division, Cooper University Health, Camden, NJ 08103, USA
2
Cooper Research Institute, Cooper University Health, Camden, NJ 08103, USA
3
Office of Medical Education, Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, Camden, NJ 08103, USA
4
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, Camden, NJ 08103, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 6 June 2018 / Accepted: 6 June 2018 / Published: 12 June 2018
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Abstract

In recent years, there has been an increasing focus on the need to integrate formal knowledge with clinical experience in the pre-clinical years since the initial years of medical education play an important role in shaping the attitudes of medical students towards medicine and support the development of clinical reasoning. In this study, we describe approaches that involve real patients and patient-simulation-based methodologies to teach gastroenterology to second year medical students. Our goals were to (i) demonstrate bio-psychosocial aspects of clinical practice, (ii) demonstrate commonality of gastrointestinal ailments, and (iii) help understand complex gastroenterology concepts. We used two main approaches including brief, pre-prepared questions and answers discussing with the patients in various sessions throughout the course and a two-hour session that included patient participation, patient simulation modalities with high fidelity mannequins, a lightening round of interactive cases, and a Patient Oriented Problem Solving (POPS) session. The approaches improved the effectiveness of the delivery of the content-heavy, fast-paced GI course and provided opportunities for the students to think about gastroenterology from both basic and clinical points of view. The approaches involved peer teaching, which supports knowledge acquisition and comprehension. Very positive feedback and overall engagement of students suggested that these approaches were well-received. View Full-Text
Keywords: gastroenterology; patient participation; patient simulation; active learning; peer teaching gastroenterology; patient participation; patient simulation; active learning; peer teaching
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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DeSipio, J.; Gaughan, J.; Perlis, S.; Phadtare, S. Use of Real Patients and Patient-Simulation-Based Methodologies for Teaching Gastroenterology to Pre-Clinical Medical Students. Healthcare 2018, 6, 61.

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