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Healthcare 2017, 5(4), 85; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare5040085

Prescribing Physical Activity for the Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis in Older Adults

1
School of Clinical Sciences at Monash Health, Monash Medical Centre, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3168, Australia
2
Department of Medicine, Melbourne Medical School (Western Campus), The University of Melbourne, St Albans, Melbourne, VIC 3021, Australia
3
Australian Institute for Musculoskeletal Science (AIMSS), Sunshine Hospital, St Albans, Melbourne, VIC 3021, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Susanne Iwarsson
Received: 22 September 2017 / Revised: 11 October 2017 / Accepted: 31 October 2017 / Published: 6 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ageing with Chronic Disease and Disability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [599 KB, uploaded 6 November 2017]   |  

Abstract

Osteoporosis is an age-related disease, characterised by low bone mineral density (BMD) and compromised bone geometry and microarchitecture, leading to reduced bone strength. Physical activity (PA) has potential as a therapy for osteoporosis, yet different modalities of PA have varying influences on bone health. This review explores current evidence for the benefits of PA, and targeted exercise regimes for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in older adults. In particular, the outcomes of interventions involving resistance training, low- and high-impact weight bearing activities, and whole-body vibration therapy are discussed. Finally, we present recommendations for future research that may maximise the potential of exercise in primary and secondary prevention of osteoporosis in the ageing population. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; exercise; bone mineral density; osteoporosis; resistance training; weight-bearing physical activity; exercise; bone mineral density; osteoporosis; resistance training; weight-bearing
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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McMillan, L.B.; Zengin, A.; Ebeling, P.R.; Scott, D. Prescribing Physical Activity for the Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis in Older Adults. Healthcare 2017, 5, 85.

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