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Healthcare 2017, 5(4), 67; doi:10.3390/healthcare5040067

Impact of Pre-Pregnancy Weight and Gestational Weight Gain on Birth Outcomes by Nativity in the United States: A Systematic Review

1
School of Social Work, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
2
Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 August 2017 / Revised: 22 September 2017 / Accepted: 25 September 2017 / Published: 29 September 2017
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Abstract

Background: Disparities in birth outcomes remain a problem in the United States. This study examined whether pre-pregnancy weight and gestational weight gain moderate the association between nativity and birth outcomes in the United States. Methods: We conducted a systematic review using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. We searched PubMED, CINAHL, PsychInfo, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for relevant articles published before May 27, 2016. Results: Four articles met the eligibility criteria by adjusting for pre-pregnancy or gestational weight gain when examining birth outcomes by nativity. Results: Results from these studies show statistically significant differences in the risk of delivering low birth weight babies between foreign-born and U.S.-born women. These differences remained after adjusting for pre-pregnancy weight or gestational weight gain. However, results stratified by nativity still vary significantly by race/ethnicity. Conclusion: Few investigations include pre-pregnancy weight and gestational weight gain when examining differences in birth outcomes by nativity. Additional studies are needed to examine possible effect modification of these weight variables on the association between nativity and birth outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: nativity; pre-pregnancy weight; gestational weight gain; birth outcomes; systematic review nativity; pre-pregnancy weight; gestational weight gain; birth outcomes; systematic review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tabb, K.M.; Malinga, T.; Pineros-Leano, M.; Andrade, F.C.D. Impact of Pre-Pregnancy Weight and Gestational Weight Gain on Birth Outcomes by Nativity in the United States: A Systematic Review. Healthcare 2017, 5, 67.

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