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Healthcare 2016, 4(3), 37; doi:10.3390/healthcare4030037

Burnout and Doctors: Prevalence, Prevention and Intervention

Health Waikato, Waikato Clinical Campus, University of Auckland, Private bag 3200, Hamilton 3200, New Zealand
Academic Editors: Peter A. Leggat and Derek R. Smith
Received: 3 May 2016 / Revised: 23 June 2016 / Accepted: 24 June 2016 / Published: 30 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Health Issues in the New Millennium)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [193 KB, uploaded 30 June 2016]

Abstract

Doctors are exposed to high levels of stress in the course of their profession and are particularly susceptible to experiencing burnout. Burnout has far-reaching implications on doctors; patients and the healthcare system. Doctors experiencing burnout are reported to be at a higher risk of making poor decisions; display hostile attitude toward patients; make more medical errors; and have difficult relationships with co-workers. Burnout among doctors also increases risk of depression; anxiety; sleep disturbances; fatigue; alcohol and drug misuse; marital dysfunction; premature retirement and perhaps most seriously suicide. Sources of stress in medical practice may range from the emotions arising in the context of patient care to the environment in which doctors practice. The extent of burnout may vary depending on the practice setting; speciality and changing work environment. Understanding dynamic risk factors associated with burnout may help us develop strategies for preventing and treating burnout. Some of these strategies will be reviewed in this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: burnout; workplace stress; compassion fatigue; work engagement; resilience burnout; workplace stress; compassion fatigue; work engagement; resilience
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kumar, S. Burnout and Doctors: Prevalence, Prevention and Intervention. Healthcare 2016, 4, 37.

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