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Healthcare 2015, 3(4), 879-897; doi:10.3390/healthcare3040879

Utility of Braden Scale Nutrition Subscale Ratings as an Indicator of Dietary Intake and Weight Outcomes among Nursing Home Residents at Risk for Pressure Ulcers

1
School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223, USA
2
School of Nursing, UT Health Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA
3
School of Nursing, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, USA
4
School of Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA
5
International Severity Information Systems and the Institute for Clinical Outcomes Research, Salt Lake City, UT 84102, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sampath Parthasarathy
Received: 30 June 2015 / Revised: 23 August 2015 / Accepted: 21 September 2015 / Published: 24 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing Care of the Older Adult)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [191 KB, uploaded 24 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

The Braden Scale for Pressure Sore Risk© is a screening tool to determine overall risk of pressure ulcer development and estimate severity of specific risk factors for individual residents. Nurses often use the Braden nutrition subscale to screen nursing home (NH) residents for nutritional risk, and then recommend a more comprehensive nutritional assessment as indicated. Secondary data analysis from the Turn for Ulcer ReductioN (TURN) study’s investigation of U.S. and Canadian NH residents (n = 690) considered at moderate or high pressure ulcer (PrU) risk was used to evaluate the subscale’s utility for identifying nutritional intake risk factors. Associations were examined between Braden Nutritional Risk subscale screening, dietary intake (mean % meal intake and by meal timing, mean number of protein servings, protein sources, % intake of supplements and snacks), weight outcomes, and new PrU incidence. Of moderate and high PrU risk residents, 61.9% and 59.2% ate a mean meal % of <75. Fewer than 18% overall ate <50% of meals or refused meals. No significant differences were observed in weight differences by nutrition subscale risk or in mean number protein servings per meal (1.4 (SD = 0.58) versus 1.3 (SD = 0.53)) for moderate versus high PrU risk residents. The nutrition subscale approximates subsequent estimated dietary intake and can provide insight into meal intake patterns for those at either moderate or high PrU risk. Findings support the Braden Scale’s use as a preliminary screening method to identify focused areas for potential intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrition; nutritional risk; pressure ulcers; Braden Scale; nursing home; TURN Study nutrition; nutritional risk; pressure ulcers; Braden Scale; nursing home; TURN Study
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kennerly, S.; Boss, L.; Yap, T.L.; Batchelor-Murphy, M.; Horn, S.D.; Barrett, R.; Bergstrom, N. Utility of Braden Scale Nutrition Subscale Ratings as an Indicator of Dietary Intake and Weight Outcomes among Nursing Home Residents at Risk for Pressure Ulcers. Healthcare 2015, 3, 879-897.

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