Next Article in Journal
Student Continuity with Patients: A System Delivery Innovation to Benefit Patient Care and Learning (Continuity Patient Benefit)
Previous Article in Journal
Prevent Wounds by Conducting a Comprehensive Foot Examination and Intervention
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Healthcare 2015, 3(3), 593-606; doi:10.3390/healthcare3030593

Prevalence of Iron Deficiency and Anemia among Young Children with Acute Diarrhea in Bhaktapur, Nepal

1
Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Overlege Danielsens Hus, 5 et. √Örstadveien 21, N-5009 Bergen, Norway
2
Community Medicine Department, Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu University, Kathmandu P.O. Box 21266, Nepal
3
Department of Child Health, Institute of Medicine, Kathmandu P.O. Box 1524, Nepal
4
Department of Pediatrics, Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu University, Kathmandu P.O. Box 21266, Nepal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Afaf Girgis
Received: 25 June 2015 / Revised: 26 June 2015 / Accepted: 14 July 2015 / Published: 21 July 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [118 KB, uploaded 21 July 2015]

Abstract

Iron deficiency anemia is still common in children under five years of age and may impair their growth and cognitive development. Diarrhea is the second most common reason for seeking medical care for young children in Nepal. However, neither screening programs nor effective preventive measures for anemia and iron deficiencies are in place among children with diarrhea in many developing countries. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency and explore their associations with clinical, socioeconomic, and anthropometric parameters in Nepalese children. This was a cross-sectional study based on 1232 children, six to 35 months old, with acute diarrhea participating in a zinc supplementation trial. The mean (SD) hemoglobin was 11.2 g/dL (1.2). Anemia was found in 493 children (40%); this estimate increased to 641 (52%) when we adjusted for the altitude of the study area (hemoglobin <11.3 g/dL). One in every three children had depleted iron stores and 198 (16%) of the children had both depleted iron stores and anemia, indicating iron deficiency anemia. The prevalence of anemia among children presenting with acute diarrhea was high but the degree of severity was mainly mild or moderate. Iron deficiency explained less than half of the total anemia, indicating other nutritional deficiencies inducing anemia might be common in this population. View Full-Text
Keywords: iron deficiency; anemia; diarrhea; children; Nepal iron deficiency; anemia; diarrhea; children; Nepal
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Chandyo, R.K.; Ulak, M.; Adhikari, R.K.; Sommerfelt, H.; Strand, T.A. Prevalence of Iron Deficiency and Anemia among Young Children with Acute Diarrhea in Bhaktapur, Nepal. Healthcare 2015, 3, 593-606.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Healthcare EISSN 2227-9032 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top