Next Article in Journal
Antifungal Effect of Non-Woven Textiles Containing Polyhexamethylene Biguanide with Sophorolipid: A Potential Method for Tinea Pedis Prevention
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Changing Body Image and Well-Being: Following the Experience of Massive Weight Loss and Body Contouring Surgery
Healthcare 2014, 2(2), 166-182; doi:10.3390/healthcare2020166
Review

Obesity and Serious Mental Ill Health: A Critical Review of the Literature

*  and
Received: 12 February 2014; in revised form: 14 March 2014 / Accepted: 17 March 2014 / Published: 1 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Burden of Obesity in Health Care)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [132 KB, uploaded 1 April 2014]
Abstract: Individuals who experience serious mental ill health such as schizophrenia are more likely to be overweight or obese than others in the general population. This high prevalence of obesity and other associated metabolic disturbances, such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, contribute to a reduced life expectancy of up to 25 years. Several reasons have been proposed for high levels of obesity including a shared biological vulnerability between serious mental ill health and abnormal metabolic processes, potentially compounded by unhealthy lifestyles. However, emerging evidence suggests that the most significant cause of weight gain is the metabolic side effects of antipsychotic medication, usual treatment for people with serious mental ill health. In this paper we review the prevalence of obesity in people with serious mental ill health, explore the contribution that antipsychotic medication may make to weight gain and discuss the implications of this data for future research and the practice of mental health and other professionals.
Keywords: serious mental illness; obesity; physical health serious mental illness; obesity; physical health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Bradshaw, T.; Mairs, H. Obesity and Serious Mental Ill Health: A Critical Review of the Literature. Healthcare 2014, 2, 166-182.

AMA Style

Bradshaw T, Mairs H. Obesity and Serious Mental Ill Health: A Critical Review of the Literature. Healthcare. 2014; 2(2):166-182.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bradshaw, Tim; Mairs, Hilary. 2014. "Obesity and Serious Mental Ill Health: A Critical Review of the Literature." Healthcare 2, no. 2: 166-182.


Healthcare EISSN 2227-9032 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert