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Mathematics 2015, 3(4), 1241-1254; doi:10.3390/math3041241

Modeling ITNs Usage: Optimal Promotion Programs Versus Pure Voluntary Adoptions

Department of Mathematics and Applications, University of Naples Federico II, via Cintia, I-80126 Naples, Italy
Academic Editor: Leon A. Petrosjan
Received: 2 October 2015 / Revised: 21 November 2015 / Accepted: 30 November 2015 / Published: 11 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Optimal Control and Management of Infectious Diseases)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [358 KB, uploaded 11 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

We consider a mosquito-borne epidemic model, where the adoption by individuals of insecticide–treated bed–nets (ITNs) is taken into account. Motivated by the well documented strong influence of behavioral factors in ITNs usage, we propose a mathematical approach based on the idea of information–dependent epidemic models. We consider the feedback produced by the actions taken by individuals as a consequence of: (i) the information available on the status of the disease in the community where they live; (ii) an optimal health-promotion campaign aimed at encouraging people to use ITNs. The effects on the epidemic dynamics of each of these feedback are assessed and compared with the output of classical models. We show that behavioral changes of individuals may sensibly affect the epidemic dynamics. View Full-Text
Keywords: mosquito-borne disease; mathematical model; information; optimal control mosquito-borne disease; mathematical model; information; optimal control
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Buonomo, B. Modeling ITNs Usage: Optimal Promotion Programs Versus Pure Voluntary Adoptions. Mathematics 2015, 3, 1241-1254.

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