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Pharmacy 2018, 6(3), 92; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy6030092

Antibiotic Stewardship in Community Pharmacies: A Scoping Review

1
Department of Pharmacy Practice, International Islamic University, Kuantan Pahang 25200, Malaysia
2
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, Abu Dhabi 15551, UAE
3
College of Pharmacy, Princess Nourah Binti Abdul Rahman University, Riyadh 11671, Saudi Arabia
4
Discipline of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang 11800, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 March 2018 / Revised: 4 August 2018 / Accepted: 14 August 2018 / Published: 23 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Pharmacists in the Community Setting)
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Abstract

The increase in antibiotic resistance has frequently been linked to unrestrained antibiotic dispensing. This review was conducted to mainly assess the perception and attitudes of community pharmacists towards antibiotic dispensing. This scoping review was performed between June 2016 and September 2016 to identify published studies related to the perception and attitudes of community pharmacists towards antibiotic dispensing. The combination of terms such as ‘antibiotic dispensing’, ‘antimicrobial resistance’, ‘community pharmacy’, and ‘community pharmacists’ were searched in electronic databases such as PubMed, ProQuest, Google Scholar, and Science Direct. Only published articles within the last 12 years were included. A total of 13 studies were identified. In general, community pharmacists have good awareness and knowledge of antibiotic dispensing. However, the majority of them are still selling antibiotics to their customers and/or patients for unjustified reasons. The community pharmacists seem well aware of the antimicrobial resistance crisis and considered it a significant health issue. However, many embraced the concept that dispensing antibiotics without medical prescription (DAwMP) can be one of the key features in the dissemination of multidrug resistant bacteria. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibiotic dispensing; antibiotic stewardship; perceptions; attitudes; community pharmacists; community pharmacies antibiotic dispensing; antibiotic stewardship; perceptions; attitudes; community pharmacists; community pharmacies
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Jamshed, S.; Padzil, F.; Shamsudin, S.H.; Bux, S.H.; Jamaluddin, A.A.; Bhagavathula, A.S.; Azhar, S.; Hassali, M.A. Antibiotic Stewardship in Community Pharmacies: A Scoping Review. Pharmacy 2018, 6, 92.

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