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Pharmacy 2018, 6(2), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy6020035

An Analysis of the Relationship between the Learning Process and Learning Motivation Profiles of Japanese Pharmacy Students Using Structural Equation Modeling

1
Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Josai International University, Chiba 283-8555, Japan
2
Department of Medical Psychology, Pharmaceutical Education Research Center, Kitasato University School of Pharmacy, Shirogane, Tokyo 108-8641, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 February 2018 / Revised: 19 April 2018 / Accepted: 19 April 2018 / Published: 23 April 2018
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Abstract

Pharmacy students in Japan have to maintain strong motivation to learn for six years during their education. The authors explored the students’ learning structure. All pharmacy students in their 4th through to 6th year at Josai International University participated in the survey. The revised two factor study process questionnaire and science motivation questionnaire II were used to assess their learning process and learning motivation profiles, respectively. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to examine a causal relationship between the latent variables in the learning process and those in the learning motivation profile. The learning structure was modeled on the idea that the learning process affects the learning motivation profile of respondents. In the multi-group SEM, the estimated mean of the deep learning to learning motivation profile increased just after their clinical clerkship for 6th year students. This indicated that the clinical experience benefited students’ deep learning, which is probably because the experience of meeting with real patients encourages meaningful learning in pharmacy studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: learning motivation; learning process; pharmacy students; clinical clerkship; structural equation modeling; deep learning learning motivation; learning process; pharmacy students; clinical clerkship; structural equation modeling; deep learning
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Yamamura, S.; Takehira, R. An Analysis of the Relationship between the Learning Process and Learning Motivation Profiles of Japanese Pharmacy Students Using Structural Equation Modeling. Pharmacy 2018, 6, 35.

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