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Pharmacy 2018, 6(1), 3; doi:10.3390/pharmacy6010003

Exploring the Knowledge and Perception of Generic Medicines among Final Year Undergraduate Medical, Pharmacy, and Nursing Students in Sierra Leone: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Approach

1
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences, University of Sierra Leone, Freetown, Sierra Leone
2
Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney 2007, Australia
3
Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences, University of Sierra Leone, Freetown, Sierra Leone
4
Pharmacy Board of Sierra Leone, Ministry of Health and Sanitation, New England Ville Freetown, Freetown, Sierra Leone
5
Department of Pharmacy Administration and Clinical Pharmacy, Center for Drug Safety and Policy Research, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710061, China
6
Directorate of Drugs and Medical Supplies, Ministry of Health and Sanitation, New England Ville Freetown, Freetown, Sierra Leone
7
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan 25200, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 October 2017 / Revised: 22 December 2017 / Accepted: 1 January 2018 / Published: 4 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Pharmacy Education and Student / Practitioner Training)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [359 KB, uploaded 4 January 2018]   |  

Abstract

Most low-income nations have national medicine policy that emphasized the use of generic medicines in the public health sector. However, the use of generics is often debatable as there are concerns over its efficacy, quality, and safety compared to their branded counterparts. This study was conducted to compare the knowledge and perception of generic medicines among final year undergraduate medical, pharmacy, and nursing students in Sierra Leone. We conducted a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study among these students at the College of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences University of Sierra Leone. Out of the 62 students, only two (2/62, 3.2%) knew about the acceptable bioequivalence limit. At least half of respondents in all three groups agreed that all generics are therapeutically equivalent to their innovator brand. At least half of the medicine (21/42, 50%) and nursing (6/9, 66.6%) students, compared to pharmacy students (5/11, 45.5%), believed that higher safety standards are required for proprietary medicines than for generic medicines. Most of them agreed that they need more information on the safety, quality, and efficacy aspects of generics (59/62, 95.2%). All three groups of healthcare students, despite variations in their responses, demonstrated a deficiency in knowledge and misconception regarding generic medicines. Training on issues surrounding generic drugs in healthcare training institutions is highly needed among future healthcare providers in Sierra Leone. View Full-Text
Keywords: generic medicines; knowledge; perception; medical students; pharmacy students; nursing students; Sierra Leone generic medicines; knowledge; perception; medical students; pharmacy students; nursing students; Sierra Leone
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

James, P.B.; Bah, A.J.; Margao, E.K.; Hanson, C.; Kabba, J.A.; Jamshed, S.Q. Exploring the Knowledge and Perception of Generic Medicines among Final Year Undergraduate Medical, Pharmacy, and Nursing Students in Sierra Leone: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Approach. Pharmacy 2018, 6, 3.

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