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Pharmacy 2018, 6(1), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy6010015

Patterns of Self-Medication Behavior for Oral Health Problems Among Adults Living in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

1
College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh 12734, Saudi Arabia
2
College of Dentistry, King Saud Bin-Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh 14811, Saudi Arabia
3
Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh 14611, Saudi Arabia
4
King Saud Bin-Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh 14811, Saudi Arabia
5
Department of Biomedical Ethics, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh 14611, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 January 2018 / Revised: 29 January 2018 / Accepted: 31 January 2018 / Published: 1 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Pharmacy Education and Student / Practitioner Training)
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Abstract

Abstract: Self-medication is a widespread behavior worldwide. It is defined as the practice of self-diagnosis and drug prescription without proper professional consultation. Aim: To determine the prevalence and predictors of self-medication for oral health problems among adults living in Riyadh city. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on a structured close-ended questionnaire was distributed among adults visiting shopping malls in all different five regions of Riyadh. A two-stage sampling technique was used: cluster and simple random sampling. The questionnaire was composed of two main sections: demographic characteristics and questions assessing the behavior of self-medication. Results: The prevalence of self-medication was found to be 63.25%, with a higher prevalence among females than males. Gender and nationality were significantly associated with self-medication. Salt in hot water locally (52.57%) and acetaminophen (47.43%), a type of an analgesic, were, systemically, the most frequently used. Pharmacy shops were the main source of these medicaments (66.01%). Similarly, the advice for using them was mainly given by pharmacists (53.36%). Lack of time was claimed to be the main reason for practicing self-medication (54.55%) with abscess, toothache, and gingival bleeding being the main predictors. Conclusions: Self-medication was found to be a common practice among the population of Riyadh city. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-medication; behavior; dental problems; oral health problems self-medication; behavior; dental problems; oral health problems
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Aldeeri, A.; Alzaid, H.; Alshunaiber, R.; Meaigel, S.; Shaheen, N.A.; Adlan, A. Patterns of Self-Medication Behavior for Oral Health Problems Among Adults Living in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Pharmacy 2018, 6, 15.

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