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Pharmacy 2017, 5(3), 39; doi:10.3390/pharmacy5030039

Experiential Education Builds Student Self-Confidence in Delivering Medication Therapy Management

Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, 106 New Scotland Avenue, Albany, NY 12208, USA
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Received: 6 June 2017 / Revised: 1 July 2017 / Accepted: 4 July 2017 / Published: 11 July 2017
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Abstract

To determine the impact of advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPE) on student self-confidence related to medication therapy management (MTM), fourth-year pharmacy students were surveyed pre/post APPE to: identify exposure to MTM learning opportunities, assess knowledge of the MTM core components, and assess self-confidence performing MTM services. An anonymous electronic questionnaire administered pre/post APPE captured demographics, factors predicted to impact student self-confidence (Grade point average (GPA), work experience, exposure to MTM learning opportunities), MTM knowledge and self-confidence conducting MTM using a 5-point Likert scale (1 = Not at all Confident; 5 = Extremely Confident). Sixty-two students (26% response rate) responded to the pre-APPE questionnaire and n = 44 (18%) to the post-APPE. Over 90% demonstrated MTM knowledge and 68.2% completed MTM learning activities. APPE experiences significantly improved students’ overall self-confidence (pre-APPE = 3.27 (0.85 SD), post-APPE = 4.02 (0.88), p < 0.001). Students engaging in MTM learning opportunities had higher self-confidence post-APPE (4.20 (0.71)) vs. those not reporting MTM learning opportunities (3.64 (1.08), p = 0.05). Post-APPE, fewer students reported MTM was patient-centric or anticipated engaging in MTM post-graduation. APPE learning opportunities increased student self-confidence to provide MTM services. However, the reduction in anticipated engagement in MTM post-graduation and reduction in sensing the patient-centric nature of MTM practice, may reveal a gap between practice expectations and reality. View Full-Text
Keywords: medication therapy management; self-confidence; advanced pharmacy practice experience; experiential education; pharmacy education medication therapy management; self-confidence; advanced pharmacy practice experience; experiential education; pharmacy education
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Parker, W.M.; Donato, K.M.; Cardone, K.E.; Cerulli, J. Experiential Education Builds Student Self-Confidence in Delivering Medication Therapy Management. Pharmacy 2017, 5, 39.

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