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Pharmacy 2016, 4(1), 6; doi:10.3390/pharmacy4010006

Advanced Level Practice Education: UK Critical Care Pharmacists’ Opinions in 2015

1
Departments of Pharmacy and Critical Care, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals, Northern General Hospital, Herries Road, Sheffield S5 7AU, UK
2
Pharmacy Department, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
3
Pharmacy Department, St Helens and Knowsley Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Whiston Hospital, Warrington Road, Prescot L35 5DR, UK
4
Department of Pharmacy, University College London, 29–39 Brunswick Square, London WC1N 1AX, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Keith A. Wilson
Received: 15 October 2015 / Revised: 4 January 2016 / Accepted: 18 January 2016 / Published: 22 January 2016
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Abstract

National UK standards for critical care highlight the need for clinical pharmacists to practice at an advanced level and above. The aim of this research paper was to describe the views of UK critical care pharmacists on the current provision of Advanced Level Practice (ALP) education and accreditation. It sought to identify whether there is a need for a national or regional training programme. A questionnaire was delivered electronically targeting UK critical care pharmacists. Whilst the response rate was low at 40% (166/411); the views expressed were representative of UK practitioners with the majority of responders meeting the national specifications for clinical pharmacist staffing in critical care areas. The responses highlighted work-based learning as the main resource for developing ALP and a lack of suitable training packages. The vast majority of pharmacists identified that a national or regional training programme was required for ALP. The results also identified the main barriers to undertaking ALP accreditation were lack of time, uncertainty regarding the process and its professional benefits and a lack of education and training opportunities. In conclusion, the responses clearly indicated that, for the necessary progression of critical care pharmacists to ALP, a national or regional training programme is required. View Full-Text
Keywords: advanced practice; pharmacy; education advanced practice; pharmacy; education
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Warin, R.E.; Bourne, R.S.; Borthwick, M.; Barton, G.; Bates, I. Advanced Level Practice Education: UK Critical Care Pharmacists’ Opinions in 2015. Pharmacy 2016, 4, 6.

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