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Pharmacy 2014, 2(4), 270-275; doi:10.3390/pharmacy2040270

Evidence Based Improvements in Clinical Pharmacy Clerkship Program in Undergraduate Pharmacy Education: The Evidence Based Improvement (EBI) Initiative

Department of Pharmacy, Clifton Hospital, Karachi 75600, Pakistan
Department of Pharmacy, Health and Well Being, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Sunderland, Sunderland, SR1 3SD, UK
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University, Karachi 75600, Pakistan 
Received: 28 September 2014 / Revised: 6 November 2014 / Accepted: 19 November 2014 / Published: 25 November 2014
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Although clinical pharmacy training in Pakistan is a novelty in the undergraduate pharmacy curriculum, it has significantly improved the practical knowledge of the undergraduate students with regards practice of pharmacy in health care settings. The implementation of the curriculum change was a major innovation but the possible negative implications were not contemplated at the time of execution and combined with a failure in regular review and assessment of the plan. This led to undesirable outcomes such as breaching of health care protocols and ethics by students, inadequate aptitude and poor clinical research skills. These shortcomings were analyzed and an evidence based improvement program known as the Evidence Based Improvement (EBI) initiative was designed containing structured modules to empower undergraduates in those areas. It was implemented by the authorities and has led to positive outcomes which render it very useful and this improvement program can serve as a guide to develop clinical pharmacy training programs in those countries where the practice of pharmacy is evolving. View Full-Text
Keywords: EBI initiative; Clinical Pharmacy; Undergraduate pharmacy; Pakistan EBI initiative; Clinical Pharmacy; Undergraduate pharmacy; Pakistan

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Abbas, A. Evidence Based Improvements in Clinical Pharmacy Clerkship Program in Undergraduate Pharmacy Education: The Evidence Based Improvement (EBI) Initiative. Pharmacy 2014, 2, 270-275.

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