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Pharmacy 2014, 2(2), 195-201; doi:10.3390/pharmacy2020195

An Evaluation of the Accuracy of Peer to Peer Surgical Teaching and the Role of the Peer Review Process

1
Breast Research Centre, Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland
2
School of Medicine University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
3
Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Ontario ON M5R 0A3, Canada
4
Catherine McAuley School of Nursing and Midwifery, Brookfield, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
5
Department of Surgery, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 January 2014 / Revised: 7 May 2014 / Accepted: 8 May 2014 / Published: 5 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Online Learning)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [174 KB, uploaded 5 June 2014]

Abstract

Background: Peer to peer learning is a well-established learning modality which has been shown to improve learning outcomes, with positive implications for clinical practice. Surgical students from across Ireland were invited to upload learning points daily while paired with their peers in a peer-reviewing process. This study was designed to assess content accuracy and evaluate the benefit of the review process. Method: A reflective content sample was selected from the database representing all gastrointestinal (GI) surgical entries. All questions and answers were double corrected by four examiners, blinded to the “review” status of the entries. Statistical analysis was performed to compare accuracy between “reviewed” and “non-reviewed” entries. Results: There were 15,569 individual entries from 2009–2013, 2977 were GI surgery entries; 678 (23%) were peer reviewed. Marked out of 5, accuracy in the reviewed group was 4.24 and 4.14 in the non-reviewed group. This was not statistically different (p = 0.11). Accuracy did not differ between universities or grade of tutors. Conclusion: The system of student uploaded data is accurate and was not improved further through peer review. This represents an easy, valuable and safe method of capturing surgical oral ward based teaching.
Keywords: peer to peer learning; peer assisted learning (PAL); peer review process; accuracy of peer learning; e-learning; online repository peer to peer learning; peer assisted learning (PAL); peer review process; accuracy of peer learning; e-learning; online repository
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Oh, S.; Lynch, N.; McCarthy, N.; Cil, T.; Lehane, E.; Reardon, M.; Redmond, H.P.; Corrigan, M. An Evaluation of the Accuracy of Peer to Peer Surgical Teaching and the Role of the Peer Review Process. Pharmacy 2014, 2, 195-201.

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