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Systems for Quality Assurance in Pharmacy Education and Training in the European Union
Pharmacology Department Lorraine University, Pharmacolor Consultants Nancy, 12 rue de Versigny, Villers 54600, France
European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy (EAFP), Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 103, Brussels 1090, Belgium
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Granada (UGR), Campus Universitario de la Cartuja s/n, Granada 18701, Spain
School of Pharmacy, National and Kapodistrian University Athens, (UoA), Panepistimiou 30, Athens 10679, Greece
Pharmacy Faculty, University of Tartu (UT), Nooruse 1, Tartu 50411, Estonia
Pharmacy Faculty, University of Helsinki (UH), Yliopistonkatu 4, P.O. Box 33-4, Helsinki 00014, Finland
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubjana (ULFFA), Askerceva cesta 7, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia
Pharmacy Faculty, Jagiellonian University (JUMC), UL. Golebia 24, Krakow 31-007, Poland
Pharmacy Faculty, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Carol Davila" Bucharest (UMFCD-B), Dionisie Lupu 37, Bucharest 020021, Romania
Université de Lille 2 (UL), Lille 59000, France
School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University (AU), Birmingham, B4 7ET, England
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 October 2013; in revised form: 12 December 2013 / Accepted: 13 December 2013 / Published: 2 January 2014
Abstract: With the changes in the Bologna process and the European directive on sectoral professions, the education and training of the pharmacists in the European Higher Education Area is moving towards a quality system based on competences. In this paper we analyze the existing quality assurance and accreditation systems in 10 countries and examine how far these systems have evolved from a resources and curriculum basis towards a competences basis. This is the first step towards the goal of the PHAR-QA project: establishment of a European quality assurance system based on competences. Existing systems of quality assurance for pharmacy education and teaching are based mainly on resources and management not competences. Furthermore, they are national, obligatory, and do not recognize all the current activities of the pharmacists. The PHAR-QA system that will be developed by the consortium of the same name will be based on competences; it will be European, consultative, and will encompass pharmacy practice in a wide sense.
Keywords: pharmacy; education; quality assurance; competences
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Atkinson, J.; Rombaut, B.; Pozo, A.S.; Rekkas, D.; Veski, P.; Hirvonen, J.; Bozic, B.; Skowron, A.; Mircioiu, C.; Marcincal, A.; Wilson, K. Systems for Quality Assurance in Pharmacy Education and Training in the European Union. Pharmacy 2014, 2, 17-26.
Atkinson J, Rombaut B, Pozo AS, Rekkas D, Veski P, Hirvonen J, Bozic B, Skowron A, Mircioiu C, Marcincal A, Wilson K. Systems for Quality Assurance in Pharmacy Education and Training in the European Union. Pharmacy. 2014; 2(1):17-26.
Atkinson, Jeffrey; Rombaut, Bart; Pozo, Antonio S.; Rekkas, Dimitrios; Veski, Peep; Hirvonen, Jouni; Bozic, Borut; Skowron, Agnieska; Mircioiu, Constantin; Marcincal, Annie; Wilson, Keith. 2014. "Systems for Quality Assurance in Pharmacy Education and Training in the European Union." Pharmacy 2, no. 1: 17-26.