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Pharmacy 2014, 2(1), 17-26; doi:10.3390/pharmacy2010017
Review

Systems for Quality Assurance in Pharmacy Education and Training in the European Union

1,* , 2
, 3
, 4
, 5
, 6
, 7
, 8
, 9
, 10
 and 11
1 Pharmacology Department Lorraine University, Pharmacolor Consultants Nancy, 12 rue de Versigny, Villers 54600, France 2 European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy (EAFP), Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 103, Brussels 1090, Belgium 3 Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Granada (UGR), Campus Universitario de la Cartuja s/n, Granada 18701, Spain 4 School of Pharmacy, National and Kapodistrian University Athens, (UoA), Panepistimiou 30, Athens 10679, Greece 5 Pharmacy Faculty, University of Tartu (UT), Nooruse 1, Tartu 50411, Estonia 6 Pharmacy Faculty, University of Helsinki (UH), Yliopistonkatu 4, P.O. Box 33-4, Helsinki 00014, Finland 7 Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubjana (ULFFA), Askerceva cesta 7, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia 8 Pharmacy Faculty, Jagiellonian University (JUMC), UL. Golebia 24, Krakow 31-007, Poland 9 Pharmacy Faculty, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Carol Davila" Bucharest (UMFCD-B), Dionisie Lupu 37, Bucharest 020021, Romania 10 Université de Lille 2 (UL), Lille 59000, France 11 School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University (AU), Birmingham, B4 7ET, England
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 October 2013 / Revised: 12 December 2013 / Accepted: 13 December 2013 / Published: 2 January 2014
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Abstract

With the changes in the Bologna process and the European directive on sectoral professions, the education and training of the pharmacists in the European Higher Education Area is moving towards a quality system based on competences. In this paper we analyze the existing quality assurance and accreditation systems in 10 countries and examine how far these systems have evolved from a resources and curriculum basis towards a competences basis. This is the first step towards the goal of the PHAR-QA project: establishment of a European quality assurance system based on competences. Existing systems of quality assurance for pharmacy education and teaching are based mainly on resources and management not competences. Furthermore, they are national, obligatory, and do not recognize all the current activities of the pharmacists. The PHAR-QA system that will be developed by the consortium of the same name will be based on competences; it will be European, consultative, and will encompass pharmacy practice in a wide sense.
Keywords: pharmacy; education; quality assurance; competences pharmacy; education; quality assurance; competences
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Atkinson, J.; Rombaut, B.; Pozo, A.S.; Rekkas, D.; Veski, P.; Hirvonen, J.; Bozic, B.; Skowron, A.; Mircioiu, C.; Marcincal, A.; Wilson, K. Systems for Quality Assurance in Pharmacy Education and Training in the European Union. Pharmacy 2014, 2, 17-26.

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