Pharmacy 2014, 2(1), 17-26; doi:10.3390/pharmacy2010017
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Systems for Quality Assurance in Pharmacy Education and Training in the European Union

1,* email, 2email, 3email, 4email, 5email, 6email, 7email, 8email, 9email, 10email and 11email
Received: 17 October 2013; in revised form: 12 December 2013 / Accepted: 13 December 2013 / Published: 2 January 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: With the changes in the Bologna process and the European directive on sectoral professions, the education and training of the pharmacists in the European Higher Education Area is moving towards a quality system based on competences. In this paper we analyze the existing quality assurance and accreditation systems in 10 countries and examine how far these systems have evolved from a resources and curriculum basis towards a competences basis. This is the first step towards the goal of the PHAR-QA project: establishment of a European quality assurance system based on competences. Existing systems of quality assurance for pharmacy education and teaching are based mainly on resources and management not competences. Furthermore, they are national, obligatory, and do not recognize all the current activities of the pharmacists. The PHAR-QA system that will be developed by the consortium of the same name will be based on competences; it will be European, consultative, and will encompass pharmacy practice in a wide sense.
Keywords: pharmacy; education; quality assurance; competences
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MDPI and ACS Style

Atkinson, J.; Rombaut, B.; Pozo, A.S.; Rekkas, D.; Veski, P.; Hirvonen, J.; Bozic, B.; Skowron, A.; Mircioiu, C.; Marcincal, A.; Wilson, K. Systems for Quality Assurance in Pharmacy Education and Training in the European Union. Pharmacy 2014, 2, 17-26.

AMA Style

Atkinson J, Rombaut B, Pozo AS, Rekkas D, Veski P, Hirvonen J, Bozic B, Skowron A, Mircioiu C, Marcincal A, Wilson K. Systems for Quality Assurance in Pharmacy Education and Training in the European Union. Pharmacy. 2014; 2(1):17-26.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Atkinson, Jeffrey; Rombaut, Bart; Pozo, Antonio S.; Rekkas, Dimitrios; Veski, Peep; Hirvonen, Jouni; Bozic, Borut; Skowron, Agnieska; Mircioiu, Constantin; Marcincal, Annie; Wilson, Keith. 2014. "Systems for Quality Assurance in Pharmacy Education and Training in the European Union." Pharmacy 2, no. 1: 17-26.

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