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Aerospace 2015, 2(4), 581-601; doi:10.3390/aerospace2040581

East–West GEO Satellite Station-Keeping with Degraded Thruster Response

Aerospace Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
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Academic Editor: Konstantinos Kontis
Received: 6 April 2015 / Revised: 21 August 2015 / Accepted: 11 September 2015 / Published: 29 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Papers in Aerospace)
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Abstract

The higher harmonic terms of Earth’s gravitational potential slowly modify the nominal longitude of geostationary Earth orbit (GEO) satellites, while the third-body presence (Moon and Sun) mainly affects their latitude. For this reason, GEO satellites periodically need to perform station-keeping maneuvers, namely, east–west and north–south maneuvers to compensate for longitudinal and latitudinal variations, respectively. During the operational lifetime of GEO satellites, the thrusters’ response when commanded to perform these maneuvers slowly departs from the original nominal impulsive behavior. This paper addresses the practical problem of how to perform reliable east–west station-keeping maneuvers when thruster response is degraded. The need for contingency intervention from ground-based satellite operators is reduced by breaking apart the scheduled automatic station-keeping maneuvers into smaller maneuvers. Orbital alignment and attitude are tracked on-board during and in between sub-maneuvers, and any off nominal variations are corrected for with subsequent maneuvers. These corrections are particularly important near the end of the lifetime of GEO satellites, where thruster response is farthest from nominal performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: GEO satellite; station keeping; orbit maintenance GEO satellite; station keeping; orbit maintenance
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Borissov, S.; Wu, Y.; Mortari, D. East–West GEO Satellite Station-Keeping with Degraded Thruster Response. Aerospace 2015, 2, 581-601.

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