Next Article in Journal
Evaluation of Statistical-Downscaling/Bias-Correction Methods to Predict Hydrologic Responses to Climate Change in the Zarrine River Basin, Iran
Previous Article in Journal
Land Surface Temperature Variation Due to Changes in Elevation in Northwest Vietnam
Article Menu
Issue 2 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Climate 2018, 6(2), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli6020029

Climate Change Adaptation of Alpine Ski Tourism in Spain

1
ENT Environment and Management, Sant Joan, 39, 1, 08800 Vilanova i la Geltrú, Barcelona, Spain
2
Fundació ENT, Sant Joan, 39, 1, 08800 Vilanova i la Geltrú, Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 February 2018 / Revised: 5 April 2018 / Accepted: 12 April 2018 / Published: 17 April 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [28712 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

Mountain ecosystems are considered to be vulnerable to climate change, with potential detrimental effects including the reduction of the snow seasons, the gradual retreat of glaciers, and changes in water storage and availability. One vulnerable sector to climate change is winter tourism, with some resorts likely to experience a significant reduction in the length of the skiing seasons and snow recreation areas throughout this century. This study assessed the vulnerability of 31 Spanish alpine ski resorts to climate change and evaluated the potential socio-economic and environmental implications of several adaptation measures. Results show that lower-altitude areas such as the Cantabrian Mountains and the Iberian System could be more vulnerable to climate change than higher-altitude areas of the Catalan Pyrenees or the Penibaetic System. Adaptation initiatives may include, inter alia, the production of artificial snow, the protection and conservation of the snow coverage area, and the diversification of recreation activities offered during the whole year. The study concludes that the design and implementation of adaptation strategies have to be adequate to the level of vulnerability associated with each resort as well as minimize their potential socio-economic and environmental costs. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; adaptation; winter tourism; alpine ski; Spain climate change; adaptation; winter tourism; alpine ski; Spain
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Campos Rodrigues, L.; Freire-González, J.; González Puig, A.; Puig-Ventosa, I. Climate Change Adaptation of Alpine Ski Tourism in Spain. Climate 2018, 6, 29.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Climate EISSN 2225-1154 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top