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Climate 2016, 4(1), 11; doi:10.3390/cli4010011

Evaluation of Adaptation Practices in the Agriculture Sector of Bangladesh: An Ecosystem Based Assessment

Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS), House-10, Road-16a, Gulshan-1, Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh
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Academic Editors: Angelika Ploeger, Sisira S. Withanachchi and Engin Koncagul
Received: 21 December 2015 / Revised: 24 January 2016 / Accepted: 28 January 2016 / Published: 3 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change on Crops, Foods and Diets)
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Abstract

Climate changes imposed differential impacts on Bangladesh in the form of sea level rise, extreme events, and variability, which has enormous economic, environmental and social cost. Such impacts are assorted across the ecosystems of the Southwest, Northwest and Central region of the country. Among the different sectors, agriculture is comparatively more vulnerable to climate change impacts. In order to reduce the climate change induced loss and damage, a series of adaptation options have been being practiced by the people at the local level for many years, but the effectiveness, profitability, and sustainability of such adaptation options are still not too well investigated or understood. From this backdrop, the study intends to identify, prioritize and evaluate the adaptation options in the agriculture of different ecosystems of Bangladesh. It is found that the economic gain of adopting rice prawn farming, replantation of rice, and saline tolerant and short duration rice varieties are much higher than the other adaption options. Through investing $10 in such adaptation options, $22, $4, $2 and $2 net return will be provided, respectively. Unavailability and less affordability are impeding the promotion of some effective adaption options, which require more attention from policy makers, while further research, demonstration and capacity building of the farmers will reduce vulnerability and build resilience. View Full-Text
Keywords: agriculture; adaptation evaluation; economics of climate change; climate vulnerability; southwest Bangladesh; ecosystem based assessment agriculture; adaptation evaluation; economics of climate change; climate vulnerability; southwest Bangladesh; ecosystem based assessment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Arfanuzzaman, M.; Mamnun, N.; Islam, M.S.; Dilshad, T.; Syed, M.A. Evaluation of Adaptation Practices in the Agriculture Sector of Bangladesh: An Ecosystem Based Assessment. Climate 2016, 4, 11.

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