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Climate 2015, 3(1), 78-99; doi:10.3390/cli3010078

Climate Change and Variability in Ghana: Stocktaking

1
Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research, University of Ghana, P.O. Box LG74 Legon, Accra, Ghana
2
Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7013, S-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nicole Mölders
Received: 18 October 2014 / Accepted: 17 December 2014 / Published: 24 December 2014
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Abstract

This paper provides a holistic literature review of climate change and variability in Ghana by examining the impact and projections of climate change and variability in various sectors (agricultural, health and energy) and its implication on ecology, land use, poverty and welfare. The findings suggest that there is a projected high temperature and low rainfall in the years 2020, 2050 and 2080, and desertification is estimated to be proceeding at a rate of 20,000 hectares per annum. Sea-surface temperatures will increase in Ghana’s waters and this will have drastic effects on fishery. There will be a reduction in the suitability of weather within the current cocoa-growing areas in Ghana by 2050 and an increase evapotranspiration of the cocoa trees. Furthermore, rice and rooted crops (especially cassava) production are expected to be low. Hydropower generation is also at risk and there will be an increase in the incidence rate of measles, diarrheal cases, guinea worm infestation, malaria, cholera, cerebro-spinal meningitis and other water related diseases due to the current climate projections and variability. These negative impacts of climate change and variability worsens the plight of the poor, who are mostly women and children. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change and variability; agriculture; energy; greenhouse gases; health; poverty; Ghana climate change and variability; agriculture; energy; greenhouse gases; health; poverty; Ghana
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Asante, F.A.; Amuakwa-Mensah, F. Climate Change and Variability in Ghana: Stocktaking. Climate 2015, 3, 78-99.

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