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Application of a 2D Hydrodynamic Model for Assessing Flood Risk from Extreme Storm Events
The James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen AB15 8QH, Scotland, UK
Received: 28 July 2013; in revised form: 8 October 2013 / Accepted: 17 October 2013 / Published: 5 November 2013
Abstract: In the wake of increasing flood disasters, there is an increasing use of flood inundation models to assess risks and impacts at different temporal and spatial scales. Assessing the impacts of extreme climatic rainfall events will require developing design rainfall profiles to represent rainfall under different conditions. Rainfall profiles of different return periods were developed using the Flood Estimation Handbook (FEH) methodology for a small rural catchment of Scotland, to assess flood risks at a catchment scale. Rainfall induced runoff flows were estimated based on a set of catchment characteristics. The channel and floodplain flows were modelled using a two-dimensional hydrodynamic model-TUFLOW. The main channel was represented by a one-dimensional linear channel based on surveyed data and the floodplain topography, was represented by a digital terrain model based on Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR). A range of hydrological events with different return periods are simulated. Results show that many residential houses and an extensive area of agricultural land are at risk of flooding from extreme events such as a 1 in 100 year flood.
Keywords: hydrodynamic models; flow hydrograph; flood inundation map; LiDAR
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Ghimire, S. Application of a 2D Hydrodynamic Model for Assessing Flood Risk from Extreme Storm Events. Climate 2013, 1, 148-162.
Ghimire S. Application of a 2D Hydrodynamic Model for Assessing Flood Risk from Extreme Storm Events. Climate. 2013; 1(3):148-162.
Ghimire, Sohan. 2013. "Application of a 2D Hydrodynamic Model for Assessing Flood Risk from Extreme Storm Events." Climate 1, no. 3: 148-162.