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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(8), 330; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7080330

A Segmented Processing Approach of Eigenvector Spatial Filtering Regression for Normalized Difference Vegetation Index in Central China

1
School of Resource and Environment Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
2
Wuda Geoinformatics Co., Ltd., Wuhan 430000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 July 2018 / Revised: 27 July 2018 / Accepted: 7 August 2018 / Published: 17 August 2018
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Abstract

A segmented processing approach of eigenvector spatial filtering (ESF) regression is proposed to detect the relationship between NDVI and its environmental factors like DEM, precipitation, relative humidity, precipitation days, soil organic carbon, and soil base saturation in central China. An optimum size of 32 × 32 is selected through experiments as the basic unit for image segmentation to resolve the large datasets to smaller ones that can be performed in parallel and processed more efficiently. The eigenvectors from the spatial weights matrix (SWM) of each segmented image block are selected as synthetic proxy variables accounting for the spatial effects and aggregated to construct a global ESF regression model. Results show precipitation and humidity are more influential than other factors and spatial autocorrelation plays a vital role in vegetation cover in central China. Despite the increase in model complexity; the parallel ESF regression model performs best across all performance criteria compared to the ordinary least squared linear regression (OLS) and spatial autoregressive (SAR) models. The proposed parallel ESF approach overcomes the computational barrier for large data sets and is very promising in applying spatial regression modeling to a wide range of real world problem solving and forecasting. View Full-Text
Keywords: NDVI; China; spatial autocorrelation; image segmentation; parallel eigenvector spatial filtering NDVI; China; spatial autocorrelation; image segmentation; parallel eigenvector spatial filtering
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Yang, J.; Chen, Y.; Chen, M.; Yang, F.; Yao, M. A Segmented Processing Approach of Eigenvector Spatial Filtering Regression for Normalized Difference Vegetation Index in Central China. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 330.

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