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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(4), 134; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7040134

Mapping Heritage: Geospatial Online Databases of Historic Roads. The Case of the N-340 Roadway Corridor on the Spanish Mediterranean

1
Departamento de Historia, Teoría y Composición Arquitectónicas, Ciudad, Arquitectura y Patrimonio Contemporáneos, Universidad de Sevilla; 41012 Sevilla, Spain
2
Departamento de Urbanística y Ordenación del Territorio, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 38437 Castile-La Mancha, Spain
3
Departamento de Historia, Teoría y Composición Arquitectónicas, Universidad de Sevilla, 41012 Sevilla, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 January 2018 / Revised: 1 March 2018 / Accepted: 14 March 2018 / Published: 1 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Storytelling with Geographic Data)
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Abstract

The study has developed an online geospatial database for assessing the complexity of roadway heritage, overcoming the limitations of traditional heritage catalogues and databases: the itemization of heritage assets and the rigidity of the database structure. Reflecting the current openness in the field of heritage studies, the research proposes an interdisciplinary approach that reframes heritage databases, both conceptually and technologically. Territorial scale is key for heritage interpretation, the complex characteristics of each type of heritage, and social appropriation. The system is based on an open-source content-management system and framework called ProcessWire, allowing flexibility in the definition of data fields and serving as an internal working tool for research collaboration. Accessibility, flexibility, and ease of use do not preclude rigor: the database works in conjunction with a GIS (Geographic Information System) support system and is complemented by a bibliographical archive. A hierarchical multiscalar heritage characterization has been implemented in order to include the different territorial scales and to facilitate the creation of itineraries. Having attained the main goals of conceptual heritage coherence, accessibility, and rigor, the database should strive for broader capacity to integrate GIS information and stimulate public participation, a step toward controlled crowdsourcing and collaborative heritage characterization. View Full-Text
Keywords: online heritage databases; geospatial databases; architectural heritage and infrastructure; sustainable heritage and tourism; cultural tourism; historic roadway corridors; Mediterranean cultural heritage; narrative heritage geo-visualization; location-based landscape heritage storytelling; the N-340 Spanish Mediterranean road online heritage databases; geospatial databases; architectural heritage and infrastructure; sustainable heritage and tourism; cultural tourism; historic roadway corridors; Mediterranean cultural heritage; narrative heritage geo-visualization; location-based landscape heritage storytelling; the N-340 Spanish Mediterranean road
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Loren-Méndez, M.; Pinzón-Ayala, D.; Ruiz, R.; Alonso-Jiménez, R. Mapping Heritage: Geospatial Online Databases of Historic Roads. The Case of the N-340 Roadway Corridor on the Spanish Mediterranean. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 134.

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