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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6(8), 237; doi:10.3390/ijgi6080237

Centrality as a Method for the Evaluation of Semantic Resources for Disaster Risk Reduction

1
Department of Geomatics, University of West Bohemia, Plzeň 306 14, Czech Republic
2
Czech Centre for Science and Society, Praha 5, 150 00, Czech Republic
All authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 25 April 2017 / Revised: 16 July 2017 / Accepted: 4 August 2017 / Published: 6 August 2017
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Abstract

Clear and straightforward communication is a key aspect of all human activities related to crisis management. Since crisis management activities involve professionals from various disciplines using different terminology, clear and straightforward communication is difficult to achieve. Semantics as a broad science can help to overcome communication difficulties. This research focuses on the evaluation of available semantic resources including ontologies, thesauri, and controlled vocabularies for disaster risk reduction as part of crisis management. The main idea of the study is that the most appropriate source of broadly understandable terminology is such a semantic resource, which is accepted by—or at least connected to the majority of other resources. Important is not only the number of interconnected resources, but also the concrete position of the resource in the complex network of Linked Data resources. Although this is usually done by user experience, objective methods of resource semantic centrality can be applied. This can be described by centrality methods used mainly in graph theory. This article describes the calculation of four types of centrality methods (Outdegree, Indegree, Closeness, and Betweenness) applied to 160 geographic concepts published as Linked Data and related to disaster risk reduction. Centralities were calculated for graph structures containing particular semantic resources as nodes and identity links as edges. The results show that (with some discussed exceptions) the datasets with high values of centrality serve as important information resources, but they also include more concepts from preselected 160 geographic concepts. Therefore, they could be considered as the most suitable resources of terminology to make communication in the domain easier. The main research goal is to automate the semantic resources evaluation and to apply a well-known theoretical method (centrality) to the semantic issues of Linked Data. It is necessary to mention the limits of this study: the number of tested concepts and the fact that centralities represents just one view on evaluation of semantic resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: centrality; Data Network; Linked Data resource; crisis management; semantics centrality; Data Network; Linked Data resource; crisis management; semantics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Čerba, O.; Jedlička, K.; Čada, V.; Charvát, K. Centrality as a Method for the Evaluation of Semantic Resources for Disaster Risk Reduction. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6, 237.

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