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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6(4), 99; doi:10.3390/ijgi6040099

Spatial Data Sharing: A Pilot Study of French SDIs

1
CNRS, Lab. Passages, Maison des Suds, 12 Esplanade des Antilles, 33607 Pessac, France
2
CNRS, Lab. LETG-Brest, IUEM, rue Dumont d’Urville, 29280 Plouzané, France
3
Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, Lab. PRODIG, 2 rue Valette 75005 Paris France, pierre.gautreau@univ-paris1.fr
4
Université Bordeaux Montaigne, Lab. MICA, 10 esplanade des Antilles 33607 Pessac France, nathalie.pinede@u-bordeaux-montaigne.fr
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 27 January 2017 / Revised: 10 March 2017 / Accepted: 25 March 2017 / Published: 28 March 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5760 KB, uploaded 29 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

Since the appearance of Spatial Data Infrastructure several years ago, there has been a tremendous increase in spatial data available on the Internet. This situation raises several research issues, in terms of identifying the content actually accessible via this medium and its impact on governance and local authority management. Our study proposes a mixed methodology applied to 45 French institutional infrastructures, to compare the objectives stated by their promoters, their content, and the actual services provided. The methodology, based on an analysis of interviews with Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) coordinators and their answers to questionnaires, as well as a study of their websites and an exploration of over 160,000 metadata in their metadata catalogues, produced varied results concerning data accessibility, stakeholder networks, the interoperability of tools, and informational equality in different regions. Despite the proactive stance of SDI promoters, only 15.7% of data are open-access. Their interoperability remains restricted to specific types of actors and themes. Although geocollaboration organised by SDIs is very active, it only concerns the public sector. These disparities also concern their informational dimension, as some regions have considerable resources at their disposal, but others do not. View Full-Text
Keywords: spatial data infrastructure (SDI); accessibility; interoperability; geocollaboration; informational equality spatial data infrastructure (SDI); accessibility; interoperability; geocollaboration; informational equality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Noucher, M.; Gourmelon, F.; Gautreau, P.; Georis-Creuseveau, J.; Maulpoix, A.; Pierson, J.; Pinède, N.; Pissoat, O.; Rouan, M. Spatial Data Sharing: A Pilot Study of French SDIs. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6, 99.

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