Spatial-Temporal Patterns of Bean Crop in Brazil over the Period 1990–2013
AbstractThe understanding of spatial dependence and distribution of agricultural production factors is a key issue for the territorial planning and regional development. This study evaluates the spatial-temporal dynamics of bean crops in Brazil over the period 1990–2013. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is one of the staple foods for the Brazilian population, with nationwide production and cultivated mostly by family farmers. The analyzed variables of this crop included harvested area, produced quantity, and average crop yield. We investigated spatial autocorrelations using the Global and Local Moran Index. The global spatial autocorrelation statistics demonstrated a general spatial dependence of bean production over Brazil, while the local spatial autocorrelation statistics detect statistically significant zones of high and low bean-production attributes. Maps of growth and acceleration rate of the variables were constructed, showing the areas that increased, decreased, or stagnated during the time series. The results showed a considerable reduction of the bean harvested area, but there were significant increases in produced quantity and average crop yield. Results showed distinct and significant patterns of bean-production variables in Brazilian territory over the different years. Regional differences and peculiarities are evident, emphasizing the need for directing investments to agricultural research and public policy. View Full-Text
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Clemente, A.M.; Júnior, O.A.C.; Guimarães, R.F.; McManus, C.; Turazi, C.M.V.; Hermuche, P.M. Spatial-Temporal Patterns of Bean Crop in Brazil over the Period 1990–2013. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6, 107.
Clemente AM, Júnior OAC, Guimarães RF, McManus C, Turazi CMV, Hermuche PM. Spatial-Temporal Patterns of Bean Crop in Brazil over the Period 1990–2013. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2017; 6(4):107.Chicago/Turabian Style
Clemente, Augusto Monso; Júnior, Osmar Abílio de Carvalho; Guimarães, Renato Fontes; McManus, Concepta; Turazi, Caroline Machado Vasconcelos; Hermuche, Potira Meirelles. 2017. "Spatial-Temporal Patterns of Bean Crop in Brazil over the Period 1990–2013." ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 6, no. 4: 107.
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