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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2016, 5(6), 77; doi:10.3390/ijgi5060077

Motorways in Metropolitan Areas: The Northwestern Growth of Florence and the Urban Use of Motorway A1

Department of Energy, Systems, Territory and Construction Engineering (DESTEC), University of Pisa, Pisa 56122, Italy
Academic Editors: Martin Behnisch, Gotthard Meinel and Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 23 January 2016 / Revised: 29 April 2016 / Accepted: 9 May 2016 / Published: 26 May 2016
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Abstract

The recent urban growth of Florence was mainly oriented northward, thus determining the urbanization of the flatland and the inclusion within a unique conurbation of a number of pre-existing urban nuclei. Over time, the congestion of the inner core has caused more and more prominent activities to shift towards this developing area, which is today one of the most attractive parts of the whole settlement, counterbalancing the representativeness and the touristic attractiveness of the historic center of Florence. This paper is concerned with the use of space syntax in order to reconstruct the genesis of the configurational geography of Florence. Configurational values at different dates will be cross-referenced with vehicular traffic data, so as to pinpoint the actual inclusion of the motorway A1, touching Florence on its western side, within the urban grid of Florence and its influence in the distribution of local traffic flows. Aside from this case study, this method can be extended to the general issue of the management of motorways in metropolitan areas. More in general, this approach is proposed as a suitable tool for interconnecting spatial issues and traffic questions, so as to concur in bridging the gap between urban design, focused on the morphologic features of blocks and buildings, and transport analysis, strictly concerned with the distribution of movement flows on the street network. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban conglomerations; vehicular traffic; grid configuration urban conglomerations; vehicular traffic; grid configuration
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Cutini, V. Motorways in Metropolitan Areas: The Northwestern Growth of Florence and the Urban Use of Motorway A1. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2016, 5, 77.

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