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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2016, 5(3), 24; doi:10.3390/ijgi5030024

Spatio-Temporal Patterns of Urban-Rural Development and Transformation in East of the “Hu Huanyong Line”, China

1
College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
2
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research (IGSNRR), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
College of Resources Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 30 October 2015 / Revised: 29 January 2016 / Accepted: 4 February 2016 / Published: 27 February 2016
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Abstract

Urban-rural development and transformation is profoundly changing the socioeconomic system as well as the natural environment. The study uses the AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) method to construct a top-down index of human activity based around five dimensions (population, land, industry, society, and environment) to evaluate the spatial characteristics in the region east of the Hu Huanyong line, China, in 1994 and 2010. Then, we investigate the spatial-temporal pattern using the methods of hotspot analysis, local Moran’s I index and Pearson correlation coefficient. The calculation showed that: (1) northeast China was experiencing an economic recession during study period, and the implementation of revitalization plan have not controlled the recession trend yet; (2) Pearson correlation analysis showed that the improvement of population quality promote the development of industry and society systems significantly during study period; and (3) negative correlation between Population Development Index (PDI) change and Population Transformation Index (PTI) change (along with the Society Transformation Index (STI) change and Industry Transformation Index (ITI) change) reflected that east of the Hu Huanyong line, China was in a “demographic dividend” period. Then, with the help of SOFM neural network algorithm, we divided the study area into six types of region, and found that municipalities, provincial capitals, Yangtze River Delta region and cities on the North China Plain owned the greatest development, while cities in southwest and northeast China showed relatively poor development during study period. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban-rural development transformation; urbanization; Hu Huanyong line; type division urban-rural development transformation; urbanization; Hu Huanyong line; type division
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hu, Z.; Wang, Y.; Liu, Y.; Long, H.; Peng, J. Spatio-Temporal Patterns of Urban-Rural Development and Transformation in East of the “Hu Huanyong Line”, China. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2016, 5, 24.

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