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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2016, 5(11), 202; doi:10.3390/ijgi5110202

Analysing the Effects of Flood-Resilience Technologies in Urban Areas Using a Synthetic Model Approach

1
Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development, Weberplatz 1, 01217 Dresden, Germany
2
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3
BRE Centre for Resilience, East Kilbride G75 0RD, Scotland, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 19 May 2016 / Revised: 20 September 2016 / Accepted: 17 October 2016 / Published: 7 November 2016
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Abstract

Flood protection systems with their spatial effects play an important role in managing and reducing flood risks. The planning and decision process as well as the technical implementation are well organized and often exercised. However, building-related flood-resilience technologies (FReT) are often neglected due to the absence of suitable approaches to analyse and to integrate such measures in large-scale flood damage mitigation concepts. Against this backdrop, a synthetic model-approach was extended by few complementary methodical steps in order to calculate flood damage to buildings considering the effects of building-related FReT and to analyse the area-related reduction of flood risks by geo-information systems (GIS) with high spatial resolution. It includes a civil engineering based investigation of characteristic properties with its building construction including a selection and combination of appropriate FReT as a basis for derivation of synthetic depth-damage functions. Depending on the real exposition and the implementation level of FReT, the functions can be used and allocated in spatial damage and risk analyses. The application of the extended approach is shown at a case study in Valencia (Spain). In this way, the overall research findings improve the integration of FReT in flood risk management. They provide also some useful information for advising of individuals at risk supporting the selection and implementation of FReT. View Full-Text
Keywords: built environment; risk assessment and management; flood-resilience technologies; synthetic depth-damage function; flood vulnerability; flood damage modelling built environment; risk assessment and management; flood-resilience technologies; synthetic depth-damage function; flood vulnerability; flood damage modelling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Schinke, R.; Kaidel, A.; Golz, S.; Naumann, T.; López-Gutiérrez, J.S.; Garvin, S. Analysing the Effects of Flood-Resilience Technologies in Urban Areas Using a Synthetic Model Approach. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2016, 5, 202.

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