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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4(3), 1184-1200; doi:10.3390/ijgi4031184

Housing Abandonment and Demolition: Exploring the Use of Micro-Level and Multi-Year Models

Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jochen Schiewe and Wolfgang Kainz
Received: 1 May 2015 / Revised: 14 June 2015 / Accepted: 29 June 2015 / Published: 13 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geo-Information Fostering Innovative Solutions for Smart Cities)
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Abstract

Policies focusing on enforcing property code violations and the improvement of vacant properties are argued to be more efficacious than demolition policies to fight urban blight. This study applies parcel level data to a multi-year hybrid modeling structure. A fine-grained analysis is conducted on the dynamic patterns of abandonment and demolition for a unique period of four years before and after the City of Buffalo’s stepped-up demolition efforts. Results showed that proximity to vacant and abandoned properties, sustained over the years, had the greatest impact on the possibility of a property being abandoned. The second greatest positive impact on property abandonment was small lot front size. Results also showed that neighborhood vacancy density had the greatest negative impact on surrounding housing sales prices over the years. There was no significant impact of demolition on housing sales prices. These findings suggested that the City should aim to have more incentive programs that are tailored to control the number of vacant properties, rather than focusing primarily on demolition-oriented programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: housing abandonment; demolition; urban blight housing abandonment; demolition; urban blight
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yin, L.; Silverman, R.M. Housing Abandonment and Demolition: Exploring the Use of Micro-Level and Multi-Year Models. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2015, 4, 1184-1200.

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