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Dynamics of Sheep Production in Brazil
Departament of Geography, University of Brasília, Brasília-DF, CEP 70910-900, Brazil
Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia, Parque Estação Biológica, Avenida W5 Norte (Final), Brasília-DF, CEP 70770-917, Brazil
Embrapa Sede, Secretaria de Relações Internacionais, Edifício Embrapa Sede-Prédio CECAT-3° Andar Parque Estação Biológica-PqEB, Av. W3 Norte, Brasília-DF, CEP 70770-901, Brazil
Departament of Zootecnia, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre-RS, CEP 90040-060, Brazil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 May 2013; in revised form: 22 July 2013 / Accepted: 22 July 2013 / Published: 31 July 2013
Abstract: Sheep production is present on all continents and has been practiced in Brazil since the colonization. In this study, the multitemporal dynamics of sheep production in Brazil is examined using official government data (Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics-IBGE) from 1976 to 2010. Maps of flock growth rates and growth acceleration maps by municipality were elaborated. The Southern states are seen to show a reduction in production mainly due to the wool crisis in the 1970s and 80s. The Northeast is seen to be important for meat production. More recently, centerwest and northern states have shown an increase in growth rates but this is still incipient. The maps of growth, acceleration and midpoint for sheep production showed a noticeable return to an increase in production in the South in recent years. The midpoint of production flow was in the northeast direction, which has stagnated. There was great dynamics in sheep production over the whole Brazilian territory, which affected supply chains due to the expansion of domestic and foreign markets. Areas with higher fluctuations in production are more vulnerable in terms of investment policies.
Keywords: production level; multitemporal analysis; risk; GIS
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MDPI and ACS Style
Hermuche, P.M.; Maranhão, R.L.A.; Guimarães, R.F.; de Carvalho, O.A., Júnior; Gomes, R.A.T.; Paiva, S.R.; McManus, C. Dynamics of Sheep Production in Brazil. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2013, 2, 665-679.
Hermuche PM, Maranhão RLA, Guimarães RF, de Carvalho OA, Júnior, Gomes RAT, Paiva SR, McManus C. Dynamics of Sheep Production in Brazil. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2013; 2(3):665-679.
Hermuche, Potira M.; Maranhão, Rebecca L.A.; Guimarães, Renato F.; de Carvalho, Osmar A., Júnior; Gomes, Roberto A.T.; Paiva, Samuel R.; McManus, Concepta. 2013. "Dynamics of Sheep Production in Brazil." ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2, no. 3: 665-679.