Next Article in Journal
Using Geometric Properties to Evaluate Possible Integration of Authoritative and Volunteered Geographic Information
Previous Article in Journal
Identifying Land Use/Cover Dynamics in the Koga Catchment, Ethiopia, from Multi-Scale Data, and Implications for Environmental Change
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2013, 2(2), 324-348; doi:10.3390/ijgi2020324
Review

A Comparative Review of North American Tundra Delineations

1,*  and 2
Received: 29 January 2013 / Accepted: 25 March 2013 / Published: 8 April 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [600 KB, uploaded 8 April 2013]   |   Browse Figure

Abstract

Recent profound changes have been observed in the Arctic environment, including record low sea ice extents and high latitude greening. Studying the Arctic and how it is changing is an important element of climate change science. The Tundra, an ecoregion of the Arctic, is directly related to climate change due to its effects on the snow ice feedback mechanism and greenhouse gas cycling. Like all ecoregions, the Tundra border is shifting, yet studies and policies require clear delineation of boundaries. There are many options for ecoregion classification systems, as well as resources for creating custom maps. To help decision makers identify the best classification system possible, we present a review of North American Tundra ecoregion delineations and further explore the methodologies, purposes, limitations, and physical properties of five common ecoregion classification systems. We quantitatively compare the corresponding maps by area using a geographic information system.
Keywords: Tundra; ecoregion; North America; classification systems; GIS; review Tundra; ecoregion; North America; classification systems; GIS; review
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote
MDPI and ACS Style

Silver, K.C.; Carroll, M. A Comparative Review of North American Tundra Delineations. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2013, 2, 324-348.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here

Comments

Cited By

[Return to top]
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. EISSN 2220-9964 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert